Sectoral leadership in international competitiveness: the Portuguese case
The purpose of this article is to identify the type of labour and the sectors where labour productivity should be improved to elevate the international competitiveness of Portugal. A static multisectoral general equilibrium model, with multinational and single-country versions, is used. This model permits the identification of sectors that are leaders in competitiveness improvement. In some countries, traditional export sectors are expected to assume this role, whereas the suppliers of intermediate goods possess the potential to fulfil this function in other countries. The results of this study show that the choice of sector and the type of labour are crucial for improving the international competitiveness of the Portuguese economy. The criterion used to measure competitiveness also has an important role. Whereas multifactor productivity is especially increased when the promotion of labour competencies occurs in import and export sectors, population welfare has a greater impact, with the generalized improvement of unskilled labour competencies.
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Volume (Year): 19 (2012)
Issue (Month): 14 (September)
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