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Time deformation in UK consumers' expenditure: an empirical analysis of highly disaggregated data

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  • Steven Cook
  • Alan Speight

Abstract

The literature on testing for the presence of cyclical asymmetry in consumers' expenditure is extended via the application of tests for time deformation to UK data subject to a high degree of disaggregation. The initial empirical findings provide evidence of significant time deformation in total, durables and semi-durables expenditures. Closer examination of highly disaggregated expenditure further reveals that time deformation is an intrinsic property of a particular set of expenditure categories including household fittings and furnishings, communication and information technology, vehicles and utilities. These results suggest that such consumers' expenditures 'speed up' during expansions, most likely being driven by the relaxation of credit rationing constraints due to transient income windfalls or the easing of credit conditions, and possibly associated with housing market conditions subsequent to financial market liberalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Steven Cook & Alan Speight, 2006. "Time deformation in UK consumers' expenditure: an empirical analysis of highly disaggregated data," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(8), pages 471-478.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:13:y:2006:i:8:p:471-478
    DOI: 10.1080/13504850500401361
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Steven Cook, 2000. "The alternative asymmetric behaviour of Australian consumers' expenditure," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(6), pages 349-352.
    2. Sarantis, Nicholas & Stewart, Chris, 2003. "Liquidity constraints, precautionary saving and aggregate consumption: an international comparison," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 1151-1173, December.
    3. Zacharias Psaradakis & Martin Sola, 2003. "On detrending and cyclical asymmetry," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(3), pages 271-289.
    4. Messinis, George & Henry, Olan & Olekalns, Nilss, 2002. "Rational habit modification in consumption," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 665-678, August.
    5. Newey, Whitney & West, Kenneth, 2014. "A simple, positive semi-definite, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation consistent covariance matrix," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 33(1), pages 125-132.
    6. Alan Speight & David McMillan, 1997. "Are there asymmetries in UK consumption? A closer look," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(4), pages 241-245.
    7. Neftci, Salih N, 1984. "Are Economic Time Series Asymmetric over the Business Cycle?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(2), pages 307-328, April.
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