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Life Satisfaction among Ethnic Minorities in the Netherlands: Immigration Experience or Adverse Living Conditions?

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  • Thomas Vroome

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  • Marc Hooghe

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that immigrants’ levels of life satisfaction tend to be lower than among natives. We do not know, however, whether this is due to the immigration experience as such, or rather is a result of the fact that on average this group is faced with less prosperous living conditions. In this analysis, we use data from a recent Dutch population survey (n = 3,925), with an oversampling of first and second generation minority respondents of Moroccan and Turkish origin (n = 1,697). While initially we observe significant differences in levels of life satisfaction, these can be almost fully explained by more financial problems and stronger feelings of social isolation among these groups, as predicted by the need-gratification theory on life satisfaction. We did not observe any interaction effect between these variables and minority status, indicating that these conditions have the same effect on all population groups. Taking into account financial and social resources, there is no significant difference in life satisfaction between the majority group and ethnic minorities in the Netherlands. We close with observations on the theoretical and policy implications. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Vroome & Marc Hooghe, 2014. "Life Satisfaction among Ethnic Minorities in the Netherlands: Immigration Experience or Adverse Living Conditions?," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 15(6), pages 1389-1406, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jhappi:v:15:y:2014:i:6:p:1389-1406
    DOI: 10.1007/s10902-013-9483-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:jhappi:v:18:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10902-016-9735-z is not listed on IDEAS
    2. John F. Helliwell & Lara B. Aknin & Hugh Shiplett & Haifang Huang & Shun Wang, 2017. "Social Capital and Prosocial Behaviour as Sources of Well-Being," NBER Working Papers 23761, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Ermira Kamberi & Borja Martinovic & Maykel Verkuyten, 2015. "Life Satisfaction and Happiness Among the Roma in Central and Southeastern Europe," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 124(1), pages 199-220, October.
    4. repec:spr:ariqol:v:13:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11482-017-9556-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:spr:jhappi:v:19:y:2018:i:6:d:10.1007_s10902-017-9889-3 is not listed on IDEAS

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