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The early stages of financial distress


  • Richard Whitaker


More firms enter financial distress as a result of poor management than as a result of economic distress. Management actions are a significant determinant of recovery and improvement in the industry-adjusted market value for firms entering financial distress as a result of poor management, but not for firms entering as a result of economic distress. In the early stages of financial distress, median firm operating income measured on an unadjusted basis and after controlling for other factors which alter firm performance increases significantly. The results support Jensen’s hypothesis that financial distress triggers corrective action which improves firm performance. (JEL G300) Copyright Springer 1999

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Whitaker, 1999. "The early stages of financial distress," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 23(2), pages 123-132, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jecfin:v:23:y:1999:i:2:p:123-132
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02745946

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Warner, Jerold B, 1977. "Bankruptcy Costs: Some Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 32(2), pages 337-347, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Solomon SAMANHYIA & Kofi MINTAH OWARE & Frederick ANISOM-YAANSAH, 2016. "Financial Distress and Bankruptcy Prediction: Evidence from Ghana," Expert Journal of Finance, Sprint Investify, vol. 4, pages 52-65.
    2. Duc Hong Vo & Binh Ninh Vo Pham & Chi Minh Ho & Michael McAleer, 2019. "Corporate Financial Distress of Industry Level Listings in Vietnam," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(4), pages 1-17, September.
    3. Lars Schweizer & Andreas Nienhaus, 2017. "Corporate distress and turnaround: integrating the literature and directing future research," Business Research, Springer;German Academic Association for Business Research, vol. 10(1), pages 3-47, June.
    4. Harlan Platt & Marjorie Platt, 2002. "Predicting corporate financial distress: Reflections on choice-based sample bias," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 26(2), pages 184-199, June.
    5. Stef, Nicolae & Zenou, Emmanuel, 2021. "Management-to-staff ratio and a firm's exit," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 252-260.
    6. Julio Pindado & Luis Rodrigues & Chabela Torre, 2006. "How does Financial Distress Affect Small Firms’ Financial Structure?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 377-391, May.
    7. Sathyamoorthi C. R. & Mogotsinyana Mapharing & Mphoeng Mphoeng & Mashoko Dzimiri, 2020. "Impact of Financial Risk Management Practices on Financial Performance: Evidence from Commercial Banks in Botswana," Applied Finance and Accounting, Redfame publishing, vol. 6(1), pages 25-39, February.
    8. Soo Young Kim, 2018. "Predicting hospitality financial distress with ensemble models: the case of US hotels, restaurants, and amusement and recreation," Service Business, Springer;Pan-Pacific Business Association, vol. 12(3), pages 483-503, September.
    9. Koh, SzeKee & Durand, Robert B. & Dai, Lele & Chang, Millicent, 2015. "Financial distress: Lifecycle and corporate restructuring," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 19-33.
    10. Iskandar, Azwar, 2015. "Model Prediksi Financial Distress Dengan Binary Logit (Studi Kasus Emiten Jakarta Islamic Index) [Application of Binary Logit Regression on Financial Distress Prediction of Jakarta Islamic Index]," MPRA Paper 82694, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Kyungsuk Lee & Taewoo Roh, 2020. "Proactive Divestiture and Business Innovation: R&D Input and Output Performance," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(9), pages 1-19, May.
    12. Waita M. Gichaiya & Mwasa D. Ishmail & Chepkorir D. Kirui, 2014. "Assessing Success of Turnaround Strategies for Distressed Companies: A Case Study of UCHUMI Supermarket Ltd. Kenya," International Journal of Management Sciences, Research Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 3(9), pages 657-662.
    13. Leila Bateni & Farshid Asghari, 2020. "Bankruptcy Prediction Using Logit and Genetic Algorithm Models: A Comparative Analysis," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 55(1), pages 335-348, January.
    14. Eka Bertuah & Erlane K. Ghani*, 2018. "Bulls and Bears and Bankruptcy- An Early Warning of Distress," The Journal of Social Sciences Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, pages 962-969:5.
    15. Cakir, Murat, 2005. "Firma Başarısızlığının Dinamiklerinin Belirlenmesinde Makina Öğrenmesi Teknikleri: Ampirik Uygulamalar ve Karşılaştırmalı Analiz [Machine Learning Techniques in Determining the Dynamics of Corporat," MPRA Paper 55975, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Vo, D.H. & Pham, B.V.-N. & Pham, T.V.-T. & McAleer, M.J., 2019. "Corporate Financial Distress of Industry Level Listings in an Emerging Market," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI2019-15, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
    17. Celly Septine Mayliza & Adler Haymans Manurung & Benny Hutahayan, 2020. "Analysis of The Effect of Financial Ratios to Probability Default of Indonesia’s Coal Mining Company," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 10(5), pages 1-9.
    18. Sumaira Ashraf & Elisabete G. S. Félix & Zélia Serrasqueiro, 2019. "Do Traditional Financial Distress Prediction Models Predict the Early Warning Signs of Financial Distress?," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(2), pages 1-17, April.
    19. Dr. Giriati, 2021. "Turnaround Prediction Model with Content Dimension on Financial Distressed Firms," GATR Journals jfbr182, Global Academy of Training and Research (GATR) Enterprise.
    20. Ioannis Asimakopoulos & Dionysis Lalountas & Costas Siriopoulos, 2008. "The determinants for the survival of firms in the Athens Exchange," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, issue 31, pages 07-30, November.
    21. Pham Vo Ninh, Binh & Do Thanh, Trung & Vo Hong, Duc, 2018. "Financial distress and bankruptcy prediction: An appropriate model for listed firms in Vietnam," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 616-624.
    22. Giriati, 2018. "Determinants of the Success of Corporate Recovery in Financial Distressed Company," GATR Journals jfbr141, Global Academy of Training and Research (GATR) Enterprise.
    23. Allah Bakhsh & Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah, 2018. "Impact of Foreign Exchange Exposure Elasticity on Financial Distress of Firms: A Comparison of Developed and Emerging Economies," Global Social Sciences Review, Humanity Only, vol. 3(1), pages 17-43, March.
    24. repec:arp:tjssrr:2019:p:95-102 is not listed on IDEAS

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