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Social Security and Rural Poverty in Brazil

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  • Assunção, Juliano J.
  • Chein, Flávia

Abstract

This paper investigates the effectiveness of the social security system as a rural antipoverty policy. The source of econometric identification is a Brazilian legislative change implemented in 1991 that reduced the minimum eligibility age, increased the benefits, and extended the participation to non-head of the household members. Our findings indicate that the reform has reduced the incidence of poverty by 40% in eligible households.

Suggested Citation

  • Assunção, Juliano J. & Chein, Flávia, 2009. "Social Security and Rural Poverty in Brazil," Brazilian Review of Econometrics, Sociedade Brasileira de Econometria - SBE, vol. 29(2), December.
  • Handle: RePEc:sbe:breart:v:29:y:2009:i:2:a:3442
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    1. Esther Duflo, 2003. "Grandmothers and Granddaughters: Old-Age Pensions and Intrahousehold Allocation in South Africa," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 17(1), pages 1-25, June.
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    4. Atkinson, A B, 1987. "On the Measurement of Poverty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 749-764, July.
    5. Hutchens, Robert, 1999. "Social Security Benefits and Employer Behavior: Evaluating Social Security Early Retirement Benefits as a Form of Unemployment Insurance," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 40(3), pages 659-678, August.
    6. Ponczek, Vladimir Pinheiro, 2010. "Income and bargaining effects on education and health," Textos para discussão 216, FGV EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    7. Blau, David M, 1994. "Labor Force Dynamics of Older Men," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(1), pages 117-156, January.
    8. Thomas L. Hungerford, 1996. "The Distribution and Anti-Poverty Effectiveness of U.S. Transfers, 1992," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(1), pages 255-273.
    9. Krueger, Alan B & Pischke, Jorn-Steffen, 1992. "The Effect of Social Security on Labor Supply: A Cohort Analysis of the Notch Generation," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 10(4), pages 412-437, October.
    10. Lee, Chulhee, 1998. "The Rise of the Welfare State and Labor-Force Participation of Older Males: Evidence from the Pre-Social Security Era," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 222-226, May.
    11. Stephen E. Snyder & William N. Evans, 2006. "The Effect of Income on Mortality: Evidence from the Social Security Notch," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(3), pages 482-495, August.
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