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The Effect of Company Campaigns on Certification Elections: Law and Reality Once Again


  • William T. Dickens


Recent studies have challenged the conclusion Getman, Goldberg, and Herman reached in their 1976 study that company campaigns have little if any effect on how workers vote in union certification elections. This study attempts to reconcile these conflicting results by re-analyzing data collected by Getman, Goldberg, and Herman for their study. The author estimates a probit model of voting that controls for several variables not considered in other studies. He finds that employer threats and actions taken against union supporters, some written communications, and captive-audience speeches all have statistically significant effects on voting. Election simulations based on the voting model also show that the effects of these employer tactics can be important in determining election outcomes.

Suggested Citation

  • William T. Dickens, 1983. "The Effect of Company Campaigns on Certification Elections: Law and Reality Once Again," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 36(4), pages 560-575, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:ilrrev:v:36:y:1983:i:4:p:560-575

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    Cited by:

    1. Dickens, William T & Lang, Kevin, 1985. "A Test of Dual Labor Market Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 792-805, September.
    2. Henry S. Farber, 1999. "Union Success in Representation Elections: Why Does Unit Size Matter?," NBER Working Papers 7229, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Thomas Kochan & Marc Weinstein, 1994. "Recent Developments in US Industrial Relations," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 32(4), pages 483-504, December.
    4. Henry S. Farber, 1987. "The Decline of Unionization in the United States: What can Be Learned from Recent Experience?," NBER Working Papers 2267, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Richard B. Freeman & Morris M. Kleiner, 1990. "Employer Behavior in the Face of Union Organizing Drives," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 43(4), pages 351-365, July.
    6. Stephen Deery, 1995. "The Demise of the Trade Union as a Representative Body?," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 33(4), pages 537-543, December.
    7. William T. Dickens & Kevin Lang, 1985. "Testing Dual Labor Market Theory: A Reconsideration of the Evidence," NBER Working Papers 1670, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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