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The current state and dynamics of regional disparities in Romania


  • Zizi Goschin

    () (Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest)

  • Daniela-L. Constantin

    (Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest)

  • Monica Roman

    (Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest)

  • Bogdan Ileanu

    (Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest)


The paper aims to highlight the dynamics and current state of regional disparities in Romania, discussing both inter-regional disparities -between the eight development regions, corresponding to the NUTS II level- and intra-regional disparities -between the counties (corresponding to the NUTS III level) included in each region. The analysis of regional disparities has been based on a series of data and indicators provided by Romanian official statistics for 2000 and 2005, processed by various statistical methods. We constructed a new variant of the relative distances ranking method adapted to the objective of our study, so as to make it possible to measure simultaneously the intra and inter-regional disparities. Based on a multidimensional index of inequality, the 41 Romanian counties plus Bucharest municipality have been ranked and included into four major development categories, according to their relative position in economic development. Gini index, Herfindahl index and Theil index have been also employed, showing a low level of concentration, which suggests a relatively low amplitude of both inter-regional and intra-regional disparities.

Suggested Citation

  • Zizi Goschin & Daniela-L. Constantin & Monica Roman & Bogdan Ileanu, 2008. "The current state and dynamics of regional disparities in Romania," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 2(2), pages 80-105, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:rrs:journl:v:2:y:2008:i:1:p:80-105

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    Cited by:

    1. Jaba, Elisabeta & Balan, Christiana & Roman, Mihai & Roman, Monica, 2010. "Statistical evaluation of spatial concentration of unemployment by gender," MPRA Paper 25161, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised May 2010.
    2. Roman, Monica, 2010. "Regional efficiency of knowledge economy in the new EU countries: The Romanian and Bulgarian case," MPRA Paper 23083, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Feb 2010.
    3. Rotaru, Paul Costel, 2011. "Identificarea disparităților regionale privind ocuparea populatiei pe domenii de activitate în România în anul 2009," MPRA Paper 35628, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Roman, Monica & Suciu, Christina, 2012. "Analiza eficienţei activităţii de cercetare dezvoltare inovare prin metoda DEA
      [The Efficency Analysis Of R&D Activities By Using Dea]
      ," MPRA Paper 44000, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Tudor Ciumara & Iulia Lupu, 2016. "Features and Regional Disparities of Consultancy Services in Romania," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 18(41), pages 1-25, February.
    6. Cristina Lincaru & Vasilica Ciucã, 2011. "The Geographical Distribution Of Unemployment At Localities Desegregation Level.Case Study For South Muntenia Region - Romania," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 5(2), pages 76-91, DECEMBER.
    7. Dobrota Gabriela, 2015. "Analysis And Comparisons Of The Business Sector In Romania In Regional And National Level Under The Influence Of Macroeconomic Developments," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 6, pages 95-100, December.
    8. Adriana DAVIDESCU & Vasile Alecsandru STRAT, 2014. "Coordinates of a New Romanian Regional Policy - Identifying the Development Poles. A Case Study," Informatica Economica, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 18(2), pages 88-99.
    9. Zaman, Gheorghe & Georgescu, George & Goschin, Zizi & Antonescu, Daniela & Popa, Florina, 2015. "Dezvoltarea economica endogena la nivel regional. Cazul Romaniei
      [Endogenous economic development at regional level. The case of Romania]
      ," MPRA Paper 70646, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Jean-Mari Hakizimana & Hermanus Geyer, 2014. "Socio-economic inequality in South Africa according to different disparity indices," ERSA conference papers ersa14p133, European Regional Science Association.
    11. Ingrid Mihaela Dragota & Bogdan-Vasile Ileanu, 2011. "The Romanians’ Preferences For Life Insurance And Optional Private Pension Products. A Regional Analysis," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 5(1), pages 70-88, JUNE.
    12. Oțil Maria Daniela & Miculescu Andra & Cismaș Laura Mariana, 2015. "Disparities in Regional Economic Development in Romania," Scientific Annals of Economics and Business, De Gruyter Open, vol. 62(s1), pages 37-51, October.
    13. Elisabeta JABA & Alina Mariuca IONESCU & Corneliu IATU & Christiana Brigitte BALAN, 2009. "The Evaluation Of The Regional Profile Of The Economic Development In Romania," Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" din Iasi - Stiinte Economice, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 56, pages 537-549, November.

    More about this item


    disparities; ranking; concentration; region; county; Romania;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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