Exploratory Study on Student’s Entrepreneurial Intentions in Developed and Emerging Countries
The present research aims to discover the determinants of students’ entrepreneurial intentions, beneficiaries of entrepreneurial education through their academic curricula, in accordance with the fundamentals of the rational action and planned behaviour theory (TPB). A number of 120 students from four emerging countries (Hungary, India, Moldova, Romania) and 150 students from developed economies (Austria, Denmark, Italy, United Kingdom, United States of America) have been surveyed through questionnaires for data collection and structural equation modelling purposes. The attained empirical results proved that personal attitude and perceived behavioural control constitute direct determinants of entrepreneurial intentions, subjective norms as indirect factor, while entrepreneurial education has exclusive influence in developed countries. The considered behavioural characteristics have stronger influence on youth’s entrepreneurial intentions in the case of emerging countries compared to the developed ones. The undersized countrywide population limits the generalisability of the empirical investigation. The research proves the practical applicability of TPB in different economic frameworks and highlights the necessity to orient government initiatives toward motivational stimuli in order to increase national entrepreneurial initiatives.
Volume (Year): 18 (2017)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
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- von Graevenitz, Georg & Harhoff, Dietmar & Weber, Richard, 2010.
"The effects of entrepreneurship education,"
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization,
Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 90-112, October.
- Weber, Richard & Graevenitz, Georg von & Harhoff, Dietmar, 2009. "The Effects of Entrepreneurship Education," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 269, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
- Georg Von Graevenitz & Dietmar Harhoff & Richard Weber, 2010. "The Effects of Entrepreneurship Education," Post-Print hal-00856605, HAL.
- Weber, Richard & Graevenitz, Georg von & Harhoff, Dietmar, 2009. "The Effects of Entrepreneurship Education," Discussion Papers in Business Administration 10966, University of Munich, Munich School of Management.
- Teemu Kautonen & Marco van Gelderen & Erno T. Tornikoski, 2013. "Predicting entrepreneurial behaviour: a test of the theory of planned behaviour," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(6), pages 697-707, February.
- Justin van der Sluis & Mirjam van Praag & Wim Vijverberg, 2005. "Entrepreneurship Selection and Performance: A Meta-Analysis of the Impact of Education in Developing Economies," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 19(2), pages 225-261.
- Kolvereid, Lars & Isaksen, Espen, 2006. "New business start-up and subsequent entry into self-employment," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 866-885, November.
- Renata Dana Nitu-Antonie & Emoke-Szidónia Feder, 2015. "The Role of Economic Academic Education on Entrepreneurial Behaviour," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 17(38), pages 261-261, February. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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