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Exploratory Study on Student’s Entrepreneurial Intentions in Developed and Emerging Countries


  • Renata Dana NIÞU-ANTONIE

    () (West University of Timiºoara, Romania)

  • Emõke-Szidónia FEDER

    () (West University of Timiºoara, Romania)


The present research aims to discover the determinants of students’ entrepreneurial intentions, beneficiaries of entrepreneurial education through their academic curricula, in accordance with the fundamentals of the rational action and planned behaviour theory (TPB). A number of 120 students from four emerging countries (Hungary, India, Moldova, Romania) and 150 students from developed economies (Austria, Denmark, Italy, United Kingdom, United States of America) have been surveyed through questionnaires for data collection and structural equation modelling purposes. The attained empirical results proved that personal attitude and perceived behavioural control constitute direct determinants of entrepreneurial intentions, subjective norms as indirect factor, while entrepreneurial education has exclusive influence in developed countries. The considered behavioural characteristics have stronger influence on youth’s entrepreneurial intentions in the case of emerging countries compared to the developed ones. The undersized countrywide population limits the generalisability of the empirical investigation. The research proves the practical applicability of TPB in different economic frameworks and highlights the necessity to orient government initiatives toward motivational stimuli in order to increase national entrepreneurial initiatives.

Suggested Citation

  • Renata Dana NIÞU-ANTONIE & Emõke-Szidónia FEDER, 2017. "Exploratory Study on Student’s Entrepreneurial Intentions in Developed and Emerging Countries," REVISTA DE MANAGEMENT COMPARAT INTERNATIONAL/REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE MANAGEMENT, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 18(1), pages 31-43, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:rom:rmcimn:v:18:y:2017:i:1:p:31-43

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. von Graevenitz, Georg & Harhoff, Dietmar & Weber, Richard, 2010. "The effects of entrepreneurship education," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 90-112, October.
    2. Teemu Kautonen & Marco van Gelderen & Erno T. Tornikoski, 2013. "Predicting entrepreneurial behaviour: a test of the theory of planned behaviour," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(6), pages 697-707, February.
    3. Kolvereid, Lars & Isaksen, Espen, 2006. "New business start-up and subsequent entry into self-employment," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 866-885, November.
    4. Lepoutre, J. & Van den Berghe, W. & Tilleuil, O. & Crijns, H., 2010. "A new approach to testing the effects of entrepreneurship education among secondary school pupils," Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School Working Paper Series 2010-01, Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School.
    5. Renata Dana Nitu-Antonie & Emoke-Szidónia Feder, 2015. "The Role of Economic Academic Education on Entrepreneurial Behaviour," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 17(38), pages 261-261, February.
    6. Justin van der Sluis & Mirjam van Praag & Wim Vijverberg, 2005. "Entrepreneurship Selection and Performance: A Meta-Analysis of the Impact of Education in Developing Economies," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 19(2), pages 225-261.
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    More about this item


    theory of rational action and planned behaviour; entrepreneurial intentions; personal attitude; perceived behavioural control; subjective norms; entrepreneurial education; developed and emerging countries; students.;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies


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