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What Should Child Benefit Look Like?
[Каким Должно Быть Детское Пособие?]

Author

Listed:
  • Maleva, Tatiana M. (Малева, Татьяна М.)

    () (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)

  • Grishina, Elena E. (Гришина, Елена Е.)

    () (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)

Abstract

The article analyzes the reasons for the lack of a significant impact on poverty of the existing social assistance system and shows the need to improve the latter for families with children. The paper reveals that households with children have significant risks of poverty and constitute more than 70% of all poor households. The article notes that for a sustained increase in population income and poverty reduction, it is necessary to ensure accelerated economic growth as well as growth in real wages, pensions and social benefits. At the same time, effective tools of social protection are needed to bring certain groups of people with a significant poverty depth out of poverty. The article argues that the existing family and child allowances reduce the poverty of families with children only slightly. This is due to several reasons. Firstly, a significant part of benefits to families with children is paid without means testing. Secondly, a considerable proportion of families with children receiving targeted social benefits are not poor. Thirdly, a significant proportion of poor families with children are not covered by social assistance. And finally, the size of most targeted benefits is small. It is obvious that the preservation of the old paradigm of paying child benefits is ineffective and does not contribute to the achievement of the national goal of reducing poverty. The paper shows that the introduction of targeted benefits to low-income families with children under a social contract, bringing the average per capita family income to the subsistence minimum, would increase the targeting of social assistance and its effectiveness in poverty reduction both among families with children and among the population.

Suggested Citation

  • Maleva, Tatiana M. (Малева, Татьяна М.) & Grishina, Elena E. (Гришина, Елена Е.), 2019. "What Should Child Benefit Look Like? [Каким Должно Быть Детское Пособие?]," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 3, pages 54-69, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1917
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Khasanova, Ramilya (Хасанова Рамиля) & Maleva, Tatiana (Малева Татьяна) & Mkrtchyan, Nikita (Мкртчян Никита) & Florinskaya, Yulia (Флоринская Юлия), 2019. "Proactive demographic policy: 10 years later. Effects, instruments and new targets [Проактивная Демографическая Политика: 10 Лет Спустя. Эффекты, Инструменты И Новые Цели]," Published Papers 021902, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    2. Margaret Grosh & Carlo del Ninno & Emil Tesliuc & Azedine Ouerghi, 2008. "For Protection and Promotion : The Design and Implementation of Effective Safety Nets," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6582, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty reduction; social assistance; families with children;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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