IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Risk-Sharing Securities: Accelerating Finance for SMEs



    () (Islamic Banking & Takaful Dept, Bank Negara Malaysia)


Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an essential role for job creation, employment, investment, innovation and economic growth. Despite its huge potential to support economic growth, SME lending continued to face constraints especially after the 2007 crisis. The present debt-based financial system hinders SMEs from fairer access due to the perceived high risk of the SMEs. Risk-sharing finance on the other hand promotes pro-active risk management through the sharing of risks in the economy according to the risk-bearing ability of the participants. In many ways, risk-sharing finance is naturally aligned with Islamic finance. The risk-sharing model operates on an asset-driven balance sheet management thereby ensuring that the financial sector grows in tandem with economic growth. It eliminates financial oppression/repression and predatory lending as compensations to investors are determined by the actual performance of the real economic activities. This ensures prosperity is shared equitably amongst those who share the risks of any economic venture. The rise of fintech has opened a new door of opportunity for the financial industry to push the present limits of debt-based finance. For Islamic financial institutions, the benefits of fintech go beyond as it could spur more risk-sharing financial activities that uphold the risk-reward principle. With creative rethinking, technology innovations can be the gamechanger needed to propel the growth trajectory of Islamic finance to the next stage of development. The paper recommends for the introduction of retail low-denominated risk-sharing securities as a new investment instrument that are issued by SMEs and tradable via fintech-enabled platforms. Internet- and mobile-based platforms would reduce the cost for financing for SMEs and increase investment opportunity to the members of public.

Suggested Citation

  • Lajis, Siti Muawanah, 2017. "Risk-Sharing Securities: Accelerating Finance for SMEs," Islamic Economic Studies, The Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI), vol. 25, pages 35-55.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:isecst:0167

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:ucp:bkecon:9780226081946 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Mirakhor, Abbas, 2010. "Whither Islamic Finance? Risk Sharing in An Age of Crises," MPRA Paper 56341, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Risk sharing; Islamic finance; fintech; crowdfunding;

    JEL classification:

    • G00 - Financial Economics - - General - - - General
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:isecst:0167. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (IRTI Staff) or (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.