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Distribución de la renta y ciclo económico: España 2003-2011

Author

Listed:
  • García, Gustavo A.

    () (Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona)

  • Raymond, Josep Lluis

    () (Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona)

  • Roig, José Luis

    () (Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

En este artículo se estudia la relación entre ciclo económico y desigualdad a través de las regiones en España en el periodo 2003-2011. Los resultados muestran que la desigualdad presenta un marcado comportamiento cíclico: en el periodo expansivo (2003-2007) la desigualdad y la polarización disminuye, mientras que en la fase recesiva (2008-2011) existe un aumento en la desigualdad. También se ha observado que ha aumentado la intensidad de la pobreza. A nivel regional se nota que aquellas regiones con menor PIB per cápita presentan mayores incrementos en la desigualdad a causa de la crisis, con lo cual las brechas en bienestar entre regiones crecen considerablemente. This article analyzes the relationship between economic cycle and inequality in the Spanish regions in the period 2003-2011. The results indicate that inequality presents a clearly cyclical behavior: During the expansionary phase (2003-2007) the inequality and polarization decrease meanwhile during the recessionary phase (2008-2011) a clear increase of inequality has occurred. Also the increase of poverty has been observed. At a regional level, these regions with lower GDP per capita experience higher increases of inequality as a consequence of the crisis, so the welfare gaps between regions becomes larger.

Suggested Citation

  • García, Gustavo A. & Raymond, Josep Lluis & Roig, José Luis, 2014. "Distribución de la renta y ciclo económico: España 2003-2011," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 30, pages 53-77.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0273
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Virginia Maestri & Roventini, A. (Andrea), 2012. "GINI DP 30: Stylized Facts on Business Cycles and Inequality," GINI Discussion Papers 30, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
    2. Esteban, Joan & Ray, Debraj, 1994. "On the Measurement of Polarization," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(4), pages 819-851, July.
    3. Sen, Amartya, 1974. "Informational bases of alternative welfare approaches : Aggregation and income distribution," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 387-403, November.
    4. Jenkins, Stephen P & Lambert, Peter J, 1997. "Three 'I's of Poverty Curves, with an Analysis of UK Poverty Trends," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(3), pages 317-327, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ciclo económico; desigualdad; pobreza; bienestar; análisis regional; España;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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