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The sources of economic growth in the Basque Country, Navarre and Spain during the period 1986-2004


  • Erauskin-Iurrita, Iñaki

    () (University de Deusto)


This paper studies the sources of economic growth in the BasqueCountry and its three historic territories (Araba, Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa), Navarre, andSpain during 1986-2004, emphasizing the role of infrastructures and Information andCommunication Technologies (ICT) on growth, and comparing the results with thoseof the EU and the US. First, the growth rate of output was higher in Navarre andSpain than in the US, and much higher than in the EU. The Basque Country exhibiteda better performance only during 1995-2004. Second, labor and capital were the mainengines of output growth. The growth in TFP was residual and even declining in theperiod 1995-2004 due to the increasing contribution of labor. Those results contrastwith the pattern for the US especially, where growth in TFP remained substantial.Third, infrastructures contributed approximately 0,10% to output growth. Fourth, thecontribution of ICT capital to output growth was around 0,35% and it increased in theperiod 1995-2004. However, it is still far from the levels for the EU and especiallythe US. Finally, the growth rate of output per hour was above 1,20%, while the BasqueCountry lagged behind. Growth in capital intensity was the main source of laborproductivity growth. While the contribution of infrastructures to the growth rate ofoutput per hour declined in the period 1995-2004, that of ICT capital increased. Neverthelessthe contribution of ICT capital to the growth rate of output per hour remainsbehind that for the EU and the US.

Suggested Citation

  • Erauskin-Iurrita, Iñaki, 2008. "The sources of economic growth in the Basque Country, Navarre and Spain during the period 1986-2004," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 12, pages 35-58.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0116

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. D. W. Jorgenson & Z. Griliches, 1967. "The Explanation of Productivity Change," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(3), pages 249-283.
    2. Marcel P. Timmer & Mary O’Mahony & Bart van Ark, 2007. "EU KLEMS Growth and Productivity Accounts: An Overview," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 14, pages 71-85, Spring.
    3. repec:dgr:rugggd:200363 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Timmer, Marcel P. & Ypma, Gerard & Ark, Bart van der, 2003. "IT in the European Union: driving productivity divergence?," GGDC Research Memorandum 200363, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen.
    5. Charles R. Hulten & Edwin R. Dean & Michael J. Harper, 2001. "New Developments in Productivity Analysis," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number hult01-1, April.
    6. Charles R. Hulten, 2001. "Total Factor Productivity: A Short Biography," NBER Chapters,in: New Developments in Productivity Analysis, pages 1-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. van Ark, Bart, 1998. "Productivity," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 171-174, June.
    8. Dale W. Jorgenson & Mun S. Ho & Kevin J. Stiroh, 2005. "Productivity, Volume 3: Information Technology and the American Growth Resurgence," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 3, number 0262101114, January.
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    More about this item


    Economic growth accounting; total factor productivity;

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence


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