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Knowledge Opportunities and ICT – A Middle Income Country Experience between Growth and Inequality

Listed author(s):
  • Imbriani, Cesare

    ()

    (Università La Sapienza, Istituto di Economia e Finanza)

  • Morone, Piergiuseppe

    ()

    (Università di Foggia - Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche Matematiche e Statistiche)

Empirical evidence shows a growing absolute gap between rich and poor people throughout the world. Such growing income differences are the outcome of significant inequalities of opportunities. In this paper we focus on the opportunities provided (or denied) to access knowledge embedded in new information and communication technologies (ICT). We concentrate specifically on knowledge and ICT, as we share the view that one of the ways to improve economic and social conditions in a global environment is through access to crucial knowledge – denying access to such growth inputs might substantially contribute to the perseverance of income inequality. We substantiate this view through the case of Chile, a country that experienced a secular trend of growing income inequality (and polarisation) closely connected to unequal access to education (both in terms of quantity and quality), which risks being magnified by unequal access to ICT. This paper endorses the view that such structural bottlenecks might constrain the possibility to effectively connect new communication technologies to economic growth.

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File URL: http://www.iei1946.it/RePEc/ccg/IMBRIANI%20MORONE%20489_516.pdf
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Article provided by Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova in its journal Economia Internazionale / International Economics.

Volume (Year): 60 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 489-516

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Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0049
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  1. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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  7. Esteban, J.M. & Ray, D., 1992. "On the Measurement of Polarization," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 171.92, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
  8. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 71-102, October.
  9. Kenneth J. Arrow, 1962. "The Economic Implications of Learning by Doing," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 29(3), pages 155-173.
  10. World Bank, 2002. "The World Bank Annual Report 2002," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13932.
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