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Où en est le programme de recherche néo-classique?

  • Guerrien, Bernard

    (Université de Paris-1)

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    After having recalled how the neo-classical research program—which is nowadays the standard reference for most economists—was formed, the author shows how this program is in fact a blind alley and leads to a deadlock. This is clearly shown by the so called Sonnenschein-Mantel-Debreu theorem. As a way out of this impasse the author proposes a radical change of approach consisting in the adoption of a global point of view in which the starting point is not the individual but society as a historically constituted whole, the emphasis being put on the conditions of its reproduction, but without neglecting individual actions which take place in a given historical environment. Après avoir rappelé comment s’est constitué le programme de recherche néo-classique qui sert actuellement de référence à la plupart des économistes, il est montré qu’un tel programme aboutit à une impasse, ce que met en évidence le théorème dit de Sonnenschein-Mantel-Debreu. Pour sortir d’une telle impasse, il est proposé de changer radicalement de perspective, en adoptant un point de vue global, consistant à partir de la société en tant que tout historiquement constitué, et à mettre l’accent sur ses conditions de reproduction, sans négliger les actions individuelles qui s’exercent donc dans un cadre déterminé.

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    Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

    Volume (Year): 68 (1992)
    Issue (Month): 4 (décembre)
    Pages: 564-586

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:68:y:1992:i:4:p:564-586
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    1. Herbert E. Scarf, 1959. "Some Examples of Global Instability of the Competitive Equilibrium," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 79, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    2. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521335614 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. John Roberts & Hugo Sonnenschein, 1976. "On the Foundations of the Theory of Monopolistic Competition," Discussion Papers 169, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    4. Haerdle,W. Hildenbrand,W. Jerison,M., 1988. "Empirical evidence on the law of demand," Discussion Paper Serie A 193, University of Bonn, Germany.
    5. Shoven, John B & Whalley, John, 1984. "Applied General-Equilibrium Models of Taxation and International Trade: An Introduction and Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 1007-51, September.
    6. Benassy, Jean-Pascal, 1987. "The Objective Demand Curve in General Equilibrium with Price Makers," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(390), pages 37-49, Supplemen.
    7. Debreu, Gerard, 1974. "Excess demand functions," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 15-21, March.
    8. Kirman, A P & Koch, K J, 1986. "Market Excess Demand in Exchange Economies with Identical Preferences and Collinear Endowments," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(3), pages 457-63, July.
    9. Colander, David & Klamer, Arjo, 1987. "The Making of an Economist," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 1(2), pages 95-111, Fall.
    10. Arrow, Kenneth J, 1986. "Rationality of Self and Others in an Economic System," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(4), pages S385-99, October.
    11. Debreu, Gerard, 1970. "Economies with a Finite Set of Equilibria," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 38(3), pages 387-92, May.
    12. Grandmont, Jean-michel, 1989. "Keynesian issues and economic theory," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 8907, CEPREMAP.
    13. Hildenbrand, Werner, 1983. "On the "Law of Demand."," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(4), pages 997-1019, July.
    14. Kirman, Alan, 1989. "The Intrinsic Limits of Modern Economic Theory: The Emperor Has No Clothes," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(395), pages 126-39, Supplemen.
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