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Où en est le programme de recherche néo-classique?


  • Guerrien, Bernard

    (Université de Paris-1)


After having recalled how the neo-classical research program—which is nowadays the standard reference for most economists—was formed, the author shows how this program is in fact a blind alley and leads to a deadlock. This is clearly shown by the so called Sonnenschein-Mantel-Debreu theorem. As a way out of this impasse the author proposes a radical change of approach consisting in the adoption of a global point of view in which the starting point is not the individual but society as a historically constituted whole, the emphasis being put on the conditions of its reproduction, but without neglecting individual actions which take place in a given historical environment. Après avoir rappelé comment s’est constitué le programme de recherche néo-classique qui sert actuellement de référence à la plupart des économistes, il est montré qu’un tel programme aboutit à une impasse, ce que met en évidence le théorème dit de Sonnenschein-Mantel-Debreu. Pour sortir d’une telle impasse, il est proposé de changer radicalement de perspective, en adoptant un point de vue global, consistant à partir de la société en tant que tout historiquement constitué, et à mettre l’accent sur ses conditions de reproduction, sans négliger les actions individuelles qui s’exercent donc dans un cadre déterminé.

Suggested Citation

  • Guerrien, Bernard, 1992. "Où en est le programme de recherche néo-classique?," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 68(4), pages 564-586, décembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:68:y:1992:i:4:p:564-586

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yoann Verger, 2015. "Sraffa and ecological economics: review of the literature," Working Papers hal-01182894, HAL.
    2. Yoann Verger, 2017. "Sraffa et Leontief," Working Papers hal-01511140, HAL.

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