Some Examples of Global Instability of the Competitive Equilibrium
In this paper we consider the problem of stability of the competitive equilibrium. The market demand functions are sums of individual demand functions obtained directly by utility maximization. The rate of change of the price of each commodity is assumed to be proportional to the excess market demand for that commodity. A number of examples are given for which the motion of the prices is globally unstable in the sense that starting from any set of prices other than equilibrium, the prices oscillate without tending towards equilibrium.
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