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Emisiones territoriales y fuga de emisiones. Análisis del caso español

Author

Listed:
  • Iñaki Arto

    () (Comisión Europea. Centro Común de Investigación (JRC). Instituto de Prospectiva Tecnológica (IPTS).)

  • Jordi Roca

    () (Departamento de Teoría Económica, Universidad de Barcelona)

  • Mònica Serrano

    () (Departamento de Teoría Económica, Universidad de Barcelona)

Abstract

Habitualmente las estadísticas oficiales consideran exclusivamente las emisiones que un país produce en el interior de su territorio. Este enfoque, conocido como “responsabilidad del productor”, no tiene en cuenta el papel del comercio internacional. Esta limitación ha dado lugar a una perspectiva diferente para asignar las emisiones por países. Según el enfoque de la “responsabilidad del consumidor” un país es responsable de todas las emisiones asociadas a su demanda interior, independientemente de dónde se hayan producido. Este artículo estima, mediante la metodología input-output, las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero asociadas al comercio exterior de España y analiza las emisiones desde el enfoque del consumidor para el periodo 1995-2007. Metodológicamente se presenta una novedad importante: la aplicación del supuesto de la tecnología doméstica a nivel físico. La conclusión, con importantes implicaciones políticas, es que la demanda interna de España genera mayores emisiones de lo que reflejan los inventarios oficiales. Además, el desequilibrio entre las emisiones “contenidas” en las importaciones y las asociadas a las exportaciones fue creciente durante el período considerado, especialmente debido al comercio con los países no incluidos en el Anexo B del Protocolo de Kioto.

Suggested Citation

  • Iñaki Arto & Jordi Roca & Mònica Serrano, 2012. "Emisiones territoriales y fuga de emisiones. Análisis del caso español," Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, vol. 18, pages 73-87, Abril.
  • Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev18_05
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Arto, Iñaki & Roca, Jordi & Serrano, Mònica, 2014. "Measuring emissions avoided by international trade: Accounting for price differences," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 93-100.
    2. Luis Lassaletta & Eduardo Aguilera & Alberto Sanz-Cobena & Guillermo Pardo & Gilles Billen & Josette Garnier & Bruna Grizzetti, 2016. "Leakage of nitrous oxide emissions within the Spanish agro-food system in 1961–2009," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 21(7), pages 975-994, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Input-output; Emisiones gases efecto invernadero; Comercio internacional; Responsabilidad del consumidor; España.;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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