IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Export Competitiveness of Bangladesh Readymade Garments Sector:Challenges and Prospects


  • Md. Sajib Hossian

    (Senior Assistant Secretary, Research & Development (R&D) Cell, Bangladesh Knitwear Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BKMEA), Dhaka, Bangladesh)

  • Rashedul Kabir

    (Senior Assistant Secretary, Research & Development (R&D) Cell, Bangladesh Knitwear Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BKMEA), Dhaka, Bangladesh.)

  • Enamul Hafiz Latifee

    (Research Associate (Deputy Secretary), Trade Facilitation Department, Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DCCI))


The paper evaluates the competitiveness of Bangladesh Readymade Garments (RMG) sector in the global RMG market through Market share analysis using two-digit classifications of Harmonized System (HS)data for the period covering 2012 to 2016 to understand the actual condition of sector’s export comparison with its competitors. While Trade Entropy index has also been calculated to make an attempt to understand the geographical dispersion of export market scenario using two-digit classifications of HS data for the time period between 2006 and 2016. The findings of the paper based on market share analysis illustrate that Bangladesh’s RMG export share in the global market reached 7.50percentin 2016, a shot up by 2.73 percentage points, indicating an increase in export competitiveness, whereas China’s share declined to 33.75 percentin 2016, with an exception to 2013. During this period, Vietnam and India’s market share increased by 2.24, and 0.72 percentage points respectively, making them the 3rd and 6th largest RMG exporter in the world. Trade Entropyindex calculationindicates that the geographical diversification of Bangladesh’s RMG export has increased considering the value of the index, it has increased more than two times during this time period. But, in spite of increasing geographical diversification of the RMG sector market, itsexport is still heavily concentrated on two markets: the European UnionEU (28), and the United States of America (USA). The paper also provides a set of policyrecommendations that wouldbe helpful to both RMG sector stakeholders and policymakers to move forward the sector towards more export competitiveness. Key Words:Export Market, Export Competitiveness, Trade Entropy Index, Bangladesh, RMG Sector

Suggested Citation

  • Md. Sajib Hossian & Rashedul Kabir & Enamul Hafiz Latifee, 2019. "Export Competitiveness of Bangladesh Readymade Garments Sector:Challenges and Prospects," International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 8(3), pages 45-63, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbs:ijbrss:v:8:y:2019:i:3:p:45-63

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rbs:ijbrss:v:8:y:2019:i:3:p:45-63. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Umit Hacioglu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.