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Gesicherte Mobilitaet am Arbeitsmarkt: Zur Bedeutung berufsfachlicher Qualifikationen in geschlossenen und offenen Beschaeftigungssystemen (Secure Labour Mobility: On the Importance of Occupational Qualifications in Open and Closed Employment Systems)

Author

Listed:
  • Struck, Olaf
  • Duetsch, Matthias

Abstract

Der deutsche Arbeitsmarkt ist seit langem durch einen erheblichen Anteil mobiler Beschaeftigung charakterisiert. Vor diesem Hintergrund widmet sich der Beitrag der Frage, ob und in welcher Weise insbesondere in offenen Beschaeftigungssystemen ein notwendiges Mass an berufsfachlichen Qualifikationen und Kompetenzen sichergestellt, auf welche Weise Informationsdefizite bei der Personalsuche ueberwunden und wie in hinreichendem Umfang Leistungsbereitschaft am Arbeitsplatz gewaehrleistet werden kann. Angesichts vielfach konstatierter Erosionstendenzen bei einer gleichzeitig noch immer hohen Bedeutung der berufsfachlichen Ausbildung in Deutschland ist diese Frage von hoher Relevanz, da viele Autoren die Auffassung vertreten, dass die Verfuegbarkeit von qualifiziertem und leistungsbereitem Personal effektiv nur in geschlossenen betrieblichen Beschaeftigungssystemen gewaehrleistet werden kann. Gezeigt wird, dass breite berufliche Qualifikationsprofile und allgemeine Handlungskompetenzen geeignet sind, die Funktionsweisen offener Beschaeftigungssysteme zu unterstuetzen, sofern diese Flexibilitaetspotentiale im Verlauf des Berufslebens durch lernfoerderliche Arbeitsplatzbedingungen und hinreichende UEbergangssicherheiten im Unternehmen aufrecht erhalten werden. (The German labour market is characterized by a significant proportion of mobile jobs. Against this backdrop, the following questions will be answered: In which way, especially in open employment systems, can the necessary level of skills and competencies be assured and information deficits in personnel selection be overcome? How can a sufficient extent of work motivation be guaranteed? The answer to these questions is very relevant in view of the frequently described trend towards erosion in the German labour market on the one hand, and the continued importance of vocational training and education on the other hand. Many authors state that the availability of qualified and motivated staff can only be assured effectively within closed employment systems. This article shows that broad occupational skill profiles and general action competencies are likely to support the functioning of open employment systems provided this potential for flexibility can be sustained in employment trajectories through skill-conducive working conditions and adequate security of transition between positions in the company.)

Suggested Citation

  • Struck, Olaf & Duetsch, Matthias, 2012. "Gesicherte Mobilitaet am Arbeitsmarkt: Zur Bedeutung berufsfachlicher Qualifikationen in geschlossenen und offenen Beschaeftigungssystemen (Secure Labour Mobility: On the Importance of Occupational Qu," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 19(2), pages 154-186.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2012_02_struck
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    Keywords

    employment systems; human resource management; occupation; skills; labor mobility;

    JEL classification:

    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J53 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • M50 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - General

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