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Von der Avantgarde zu den Verlierern des Postkommunismus: Gewerkschaften im Prozess der Restrukturierung der Stahlindustrie in Mittel- und Osteuropa (From Vanguard to Losers of Postcommunism: Unions and Restructur-ing of the Steel Industry in Central and Eastern Europe)

Author

Listed:
  • Aleksandra Sznajder Lee
  • Vera Trappmann

Abstract

Der Beitrag analysiert die Gruende fuer die Schwaechung der Gewerkschaften in Mittel- und Osteuropa auf betrieblicher Ebene. Am Beispiel der Stahlindustrie in Polen, Rumaenien und der Slowakei zeigt er, dass die Gewerkschaften Legitimitaet und Unterstuetzung bei den Belegschaften aufgrund ihrer Verwicklung in die Restrukturierung der Unternehmen verloren haben, und zwar aus je unterschiedlichen Gruenden. In der Slowakei und Rumaenien haben sich die betrieblichen Gewerkschaftsvertreter zusammen mit Regierungsangehoerigen an den Betrieben privatwirtschaftlich bereichert und die Unternehmen so in den Bankrott gefuehrt, waehrend in Polen die Gewerkschaften versucht haben, die Profitabilitaet der Unternehmen zu erhalten, auf Kosten der Arbeitsplaetze. Der neoliberale Kurs der polnischen Gewerkschaftsvertreter als quasi Ko-Eigentuemer schwaecht ihr gewerkschaftliches Mandat. (The article analyses the reasons for union weakness in Central and Eastern Europe at the micro level. Examination of the steel industry in Poland, Romania, and Slovakia shows how in all three countries, the unions at company level have lost legitimacy and support with the rank and file due to their activities during restructuring, albeit for opposite reasons. In Slovakia and Romania, the fragmented unions, together with state officials, were involved in rent-seeking, leading the companies into bankruptcy. In contrast, in Poland unions tried to make the companies profitable at the expense of employment. The neoliberal course of Polish union representatives as quasi co-owners weakened their mandate.)

Suggested Citation

  • Aleksandra Sznajder Lee & Vera Trappmann, 2010. "Von der Avantgarde zu den Verlierern des Postkommunismus: Gewerkschaften im Prozess der Restrukturierung der Stahlindustrie in Mittel- und Osteuropa (From Vanguard to Losers of Postcommunism: Unions a," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 17(2), pages 192-213.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2010_02_sznajder-lee
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    File URL: http://www.hampp-verlag.de/hampp_e-journals_IndB.htm#210
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    trade unions; social dialogue; restructuring; steel industry; privatisation; post-communism;

    JEL classification:

    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • J50 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - General
    • J53 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • L61 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Metals and Metal Products; Cement; Glass; Ceramics
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation
    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General

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