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Faut-il réguler l'encombrement des sites récréatifs ? Un modèle de choix discret avec participation

  • Mélody Leplat

    ()

    (Agrocampus Ouest, UMR 1302 SMART, 4 allée Adolphe Bobierre CS 61103, F-35011 Rennes cedex, INRA, UMR1302, F-35000 Rennes, France)

  • Philippe Le Goffe

    (Agrocampus Ouest, UMR1302, F-35000 Rennes, France, INRA, UMR1302, F-35000 Rennes, France)

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    En France, les sites récréatifs sont généralement en accès libre, ce qui explique qu’ils sont souvent encombrés, notamment quand ils sont attractifs et proches des zones peuplées. La théorie prévoit que l’équilibre de fréquentation est alors non optimal en raison d’un effet externe d’encombrement. Alors que des travaux anciens ont caractérisé équilibre et optimum dans le cadre de modèles mono-site à demande continue (Fisher et Krutilla, 1972), les rares articles récents utilisant les modèles de choix discret se sont limités à étudier empiriquement l’équilibre et la répartition des visites entre les sites. Notre modèle théorique permet de formaliser l’équilibre et l’optimum de fréquentation, dans le cadre d’un modèle de choix discret à deux sites intégrant la décision de participation des individus, ainsi que certains instruments de gestion permettant d’améliorer le bien-être. Il a été nécessaire de recourir à une formulation générale du bien-être définie par Erlander (2005). On montre que les individus participent trop et visitent trop le site de meilleure qualité (et pas assez le site de qualité inférieure) à l’équilibre. En exprimant les désutilités collectives liées à la participation et à la mauvaise répartition des visites entre les sites, le modèle permet d’en déduire les taxes optimales et les effets sur le bien-être collectif d’une augmentation de la qualité des sites. Une illustration simplifiée est proposée à partir d’un modèle logit multinomial estimé sur des données de pêche récréative

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    Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies.

    Volume (Year): 90 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 51-77

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    Handle: RePEc:rae:jourae:v:90:y:2009:i:1:p:51-77
    Contact details of provider: Postal: 4, Allée Adolphe Bobierre, CS 61103, 35011 Rennes Cedex
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    1. Anderson, Lee G., 1980. "Estimating the benefits of recreation under conditions of congestion: Comments and extension," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 401-406, December.
    2. Richardson, Martin, 2002. "Quality and Congestion in Environmental Goods: The Road to the Wangapeka," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 477-496, May.
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    6. Hugh Sibly, 2001. "Pricing and Management of Recreational Activities Which Use Natural Resources," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 18(3), pages 339-354, March.
    7. Boxall, Peter C. & Hauer, Grant & Adamowicz, Wiktor L., 2005. "Modeling Congestion as a Form of Interdependence in Random Utility Models," Staff Paper Series 24078, University of Alberta, Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology.
    8. Kenneth E. McConnell, 1977. "Congestion and Willingness to Pay: A Study of Beach Use," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 53(2), pages 185-195.
    9. Timmins, Christopher & Murdock, Jennifer, 2007. "A revealed preference approach to the measurement of congestion in travel cost models," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 230-249, March.
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