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Asymétries d'information et richesse immatérielle de l'entreprise

  • Philippe Gagnepain
  • Marc Ivaldi

[eng] Econometricians working on stochastic production and cost frontiers have been interested in estimating the inefficiency of firms. At the same time, economists have considered problems of asymmetric information arising in the contractual relationships between principals and agents. This article is an attempt to make these two approaches to coincide. We propose to construct structural frontiers where the global inefficiency term is partly endogenous and depends on the economic constraints impinging on the activity of a producer. We illustrate our methodology with data on the French urban transport regulation. [fre] Les économètres ont estimé des frontières de coût et de production afin d'évaluer l'inefficacité des entreprises. En parallèle, les économistes ont considéré des problèmes d'information asymétrique dans les relations contractuelles entre des principaux et des agents. Cet article propose de faire coïncider ces deux approches. On y construit des frontières structurelles où le terme d'inefficacité est en partie endogène et dépend des contraintes économiques qui pèsent sur l'activité d'un producteur. Des données sur la régulation du transport urbain en France sont utilisées afin d'illustrer notre méthode.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 16 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 129-153

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2002_num_16_3_1516
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2002.1516
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  1. Gasmi, F & Laffont, Jean-Jacques & Sharkey, W W, 1997. "Incentive Regulation and the Cost Structure of the Local Telephone Exchange Network," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 5-25, July.
  2. Aigner, Dennis & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Peter, 1977. "Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 21-37, July.
  3. Jondrow, James & Knox Lovell, C. A. & Materov, Ivan S. & Schmidt, Peter, 1982. "On the estimation of technical inefficiency in the stochastic frontier production function model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2-3), pages 233-238, August.
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