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Diffusion du capital humain et effets d'entreprise. Approche par frontière de gains sur données appariées marocaines et tunisiennes

Author

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  • Christophe Nordman

Abstract

[eng] Human capital diffusion and firm effects: an earnings frontier approach on moroccan and tunisian data. . This article proposes an estimation on Moroccan and Tunisian matched data of the human capital external effects on wages and of interfirms wage differentials. The data allow to introduce the organizational features and the average human capital of firms into an earnings function. The results show that teamwork and job rotation stimulate a positive externality of education on earnings. Interfirms wage differentials of Moroccans are explained by compensating wages for working conditions. The wage practices of Tunisian employers could be justified by alternative approaches (efficiency wages). The estimation technique allows to isolate and to examine the distribution of the "wage inefficiency" of employees. [fre] Cet article propose une estimation, sur des données appariées marocaines et tunisiennes, des effets externes du capital humain sur les gains et des différentiels de gains interentreprises. Les données permettent d'introduire dans une fonction de gains les facteurs organisationnels et le capital humain moyen des entreprises. Les résultats montrent que le travail en groupe et la polyvalence stimulent l'externalité positive de l'éducation sur les gains. Les différentiels de gains interentreprises des Marocains s'expliquent par des compensations de salaire pour les conditions de travail. Les pratiques salariales des employeurs tunisiens pourraient être justifiées par des approches alternatives (salaire d'efficience). La technique d'estimation permet d'isoler la répartition des « inefficiences salariales » des employés.

Suggested Citation

  • Christophe Nordman, 2002. "Diffusion du capital humain et effets d'entreprise. Approche par frontière de gains sur données appariées marocaines et tunisiennes," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(3), pages 647-658.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410434
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410434
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    Cited by:

    1. Christophe MULLER & Christophe NORDMAN, "undated". "Wages and Human Capital in Exporting Firms in Morocco," Middle East and North Africa 330400044, EcoMod.
    2. Christophe Muller & Christophe Nordman, 2004. "Which Human Capital Matters For Rich And Poor'S Wages: Evidence From Matched Worker-Firm Data From Tunisia," Working Papers. Serie AD 2004-28, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    3. Destré, Guillaume & Nordman, Christophe, 2002. "Les effets de la formation informelle sur les gains : une comparaison sur données appariées françaises, marocaines et tunisiennes," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 78(2), pages 179-206, Juin.
    4. Christophe Muller & Christophe J. Nordman, 2012. "Wages and On-the-Job Training in Tunisia," AMSE Working Papers 1222, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10593 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4462 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Christophe Muller & Christophe Nordman, 2005. "Human capital and wages in two leading industries in Tunisia: evidence from matched worker-firm data," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 48(1-2), pages 183-208.
    8. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4374 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Christophe Muller & Christophe J. Nordman, 2008. "Intra-Firm Human Capital Externalities in Tunisia," THEMA Working Papers 2008-38, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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