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Estimation de la demande domestique d'eau potable en France

  • Arnaud Reynaud
  • Céline Nauges

[fre] Peu de travaux ont été menés pour connaître la demande en eau potable des ménages en France. Nous proposons d'estimer la fonction de demande domestique en eau potable dans deux départements français qui sont relativement similaires du point de vue des ressources en eau mais qui diffèrent en termes de conditions climatiques et de caractéristiques socio-démographiques. Des variables de type socio-économiques et des données météorologiques ont en conséquence été introduites, outre les chiffres de consommation et de prix de l'eau, dans la fonction de demande. Les méthodes économétriques appliquées sont des méthodes spécifiques de traitement de données de panel, ce qui permet d'éviter tout biais dans l'estimation des coefficients. L'estimation séparée des deux échantillons fait apparaître une élasticité-prix de la demande significative, estimée à -0,08 et -0,22 dans les deux départements. L'élasticité revenu n'est significative que dans un département, où elle est estimée à 0,01. [eng] Estimation of the residential water demand function in France. . Few works have been done on the estimation of the residential water demand in France. We propose to estimate the residential water demand function in two french departments which are relatively similar in terms of water resources endowments but differ concerning climatic conditions and socio-demographic characteristics. Socio-economic and meteorologic variables have thus been introduced, in addition to water consumption and price of water, in the demand function. Specific econometric panel data methods are employed in order to avoid biased coefficients. The results emphasised a statistically significant price-elasticity in the two departments, estimated at - 0.22 and - 0.08. The income elasticity is significant in one of the two departments, evaluated at 0.01.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 167-185

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_1_410306
Note: DOI:10.2307/3502967
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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  1. J. E. Schefter & E. L. David, 1985. "Estimating Residential Water Demand under Multi-Part Tariffs Using Aggregate Data," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 64(3), pages 272-280.
  2. R. Bruce Billings, 1982. "Specification of Block Rate Price Variables in Demand Models," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 58(3), pages 386-394.
  3. Michael L. Nieswiadomy & David J. Molina, 1989. "Comparing Residential Water Demand Estimates under Decreasing and Increasing Block Rates Using Household Data," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 65(3), pages 280-289.
  4. Lars Gårn Hansen, 1996. "Water and Energy Price Impacts on Residential Water Demand in Copenhagen," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 72(1), pages 66-79.
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