Estimation de la demande domestique d'eau potable en France
Few works have been done on the estimation of the residential water demand in France. We propose to estimate the residential water demand function in two french departments which are relatively similar in terms of water resources endowments but differ concerning climatic conditions and socio-demographic characteristics. Socio-economic and meteorologic variables have thus been introduced, in addition to water consumption and price of water, in the demand function. Specific econometric panel data methods are employed in order to avoid biased coefficients. The results emphasised a statistically significant price-elasticity in the two departments, estimated at – 0.22 and – 0.08. The income elasticity is significant in one of the two departments, evaluated at 0.01. Classification JEL : C23, D12, Q25
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