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Dynamique de la consommation d'eau potable des ménages : une étude sur un panel de communes françaises

  • Alban Thomas
  • Céline Nauges

[fre] Le début des années quatre-vingt-dix a constitué un tournant pour la consommation d'eau des ménages. Outre la forte hausse du prix, on a constaté pour la première fois un recul de la consommation domestique. Cet article montre que les usagers n'ont pas été insensibles à l'augmentation du prix de l'eau puisque l'on estime l'élasticité de long terme à -0,6 sur la période 1988-1993. En outre, l'estimation d'un modèle dynamique à effets individuels non stationnaires met en évidence l'influence de phénomènes particuliers dans les années 1990 et 199 1 . Les sécheresses survenues pendant cette période, les débats autour de l'entrée en vigueur d'une nouvelle réglementation ont très certainement sensibilisé les usagers qui ont modifié leurs comportements de consommation. [eng] Dynamics of Household Drinking- Water Consumption: Study of a Sample Group of French . Communes . by Cécile Nauges and Alban Thomas . The early 1990s was a turning point for household consumption of water. In addition to a surge in price, a decline in domestic consumption was recorded for the first time. This paper demonstrates that users were not unresponsive to the increase in the price of water, since long-term elasticity is calculated to be -0.6 over the 1988-1993 period. Moreover, estimation from a dynamic model with non-stationary individual effects reveals the influence of specific phenomena in 1990 and 1991. The droughts during this period and the discussion on the entry into force of new regulations unquestionably raised the awareness of consumers, who altered their consumption behaviour.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 143 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 175-184

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_143_2_6100
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.6100
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  2. Céline Nauges & Alban Thomas, 2000. "Privately Operated Water Utilities, Municipal Price Negotiation, and Estimation of Residential Water Demand: The Case of France," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 76(1), pages 68-85.
  3. Keane, Michael P & Runkle, David E, 1992. "On the Estimation of Panel-Data Models with Serial Correlation When Instruments Are Not Strictly Exogenous: Reply," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 10(1), pages 26-29, January.
  4. Patrick Point, 1993. "Partage de la ressource en eau et demande d'alimentation en eau potable," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 44(4), pages 849-862.
  5. Anderson, T. W. & Hsiao, Cheng, 1982. "Formulation and estimation of dynamic models using panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 47-82, January.
  6. Keane, Michael P & Runkle, David E, 1992. "On the Estimation of Panel-Data Models with Serial Correlation When Instruments Are Not Strictly Exogenous," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 10(1), pages 1-9, January.
  7. Céline Nauges & Arnaud Reynaud, 2001. "Estimation de la demande domestique d'eau potable en France," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 52(1), pages 167-185.
  8. Ahn, Seung C. & Schmidt, Peter, 1995. "Efficient estimation of models for dynamic panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 5-27, July.
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