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Le concept keynésien du coût d'usage et les prévisions du producteur


  • Gilbert Koenig


[eng] The keynesian concept of user cost and the producer's short term expectations. . The keynesian user cost measures the sacrifice of future benefit expected by an entrepreneur who, in deciding on the amount of his production, has to make a choice between using up his equipment and preseroing it to be used later on. Therefore it gets in the composition of prime cost whose marginal value determines the production, and it puts the theory of costs and production in an intertemporal perspective.. The adoption of this viewpoint require the definition of the factors whose previsions determine the user cost. Therefore one must specify the methods of evaluation of this cost which are applicable to working, liquid and fixed capital. The effects of user cost on producers decision are analysed in the keynesian frame of aggregate supply and demand. They are expressed by an autonomous or an induced variation of the marginal user cost which acts on the aggregate supply throught variation of the firm's supply price. [fre] Le concept keynesien de coût d'usage et les prévisions du producteur. . Le coût d'usage keynésien mesure le sacrifice de valeur qu'un entrepreneur prévoit de supporter lorsqu'on décidant de produire il doit choisir d'utiliser son équipement plutôt que de le réserver à un usage ultérieur. Il constitue donc une composante du coût premier dont la valeur marginale fonde la décision du producteur et il place l'analyse des coûts et de l'équilibre du producteur dans une perspective intertemporelle.. L'adoption de cette optique nécessite la définition des facteurs dont les prévisions déterminent le coût d'usage. Cette définition se fonde sur une évaluation de ce coût dont les modalités diffèrent selon la nature de l'équipement dont la dépréciation est estimée.. L'inffuence du coût d'usage sur la décision du producteur est analysée dans le cadre du schéma keynésien d'offre et de demande globales. Elle se manifeste par une variation autonome ou induite de sa valeur marginale qui, en agissant sur le prix d'offre individuelle, modifie le prix d'offre globale keynésienne.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilbert Koenig, 1986. "Le concept keynésien du coût d'usage et les prévisions du producteur," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 37(4), pages 697-722.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1986_num_37_4_408935
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1986.408935

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Joe S. Bain, 1937. "Depression Pricing and the Depreciation Function," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(4), pages 705-715.
    2. Ragnar Frisch, 1950. "Alfred Marshall's Theory of Value," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(4), pages 495-524.
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