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Le commerce international intra-branche et ses déterminants d'après le schéma de concurrence monopolistique : une vérification empirique

  • Duc-Loi Phan
  • Olivier Gaussens
  • Claude Clair
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    [eng] Intra-industry trade under perfect monopolistic Competition framework : an empirical investigation Olivier Clair, Olivier Gaussens, Duc-Loi Phan This paper is intended 1) to confirm, by use of finely disaggregated data for 16 industrial countries (5-digit level of the SITC), the existence of international intra-industry trade and to analyzc its characteristics ; and 2) to test some of the hypotheses or findings in theoretical models which apply the analysis of perfcct monopolistic competition to this trade. To this effect we constructed appropriated indices in order to meaaure determining variables such as similarity of factor endowments and of consumption patterns, or cross international direct investments. The empirical results give clear evidence of the role of identical consumption patterns in explaining intra-industry trade and of the cornplementarity between the latter and cross international direct investments, while they are unconclusive on the effect of factor endowments. [fre] Cet article a pour objet : 1) de chercher confirmation, sur les données finement désagrégées relatives aux échanges extérieurs de 16 pays industriels (nomenclature à 5 chiffres CTCI), de l'existence du commerce international intra-branche, et d'analyser ses caractéristiques ; 2) de vérifier quelques hypothèses et propositions émanant des modèles théoriques appliquant l'analyse de concurrence monopolisti­que à ces échanges, et selon lesquelles la proximité clés dotations factorielles et des structures nationales de consommation, et par extension les investissements internationaux directs croisés, participent à la détermination de ces échanges intra-bra'nche. Des indicateurs appropriés ont été construits en vue de ce test. Les résultats de l'estimation statistique te'nclent à confirmer la rôle de la proximité des structures nationales de consommation dans la détermination du commerce international intra-branche, ainsi que la complémentarité entre ce dernier et les mouvements internationaux croisés d'investissements directs, alors qu'ils ne permettent pas de conclure quant à l'incidence des dotations factorielles.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

    Volume (Year): 35 (1984)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 347-378

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1984_num_35_2_408781
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1984.408781
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