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Le commerce international intra-branche et ses déterminants d'après le schéma de concurrence monopolistique : une vérification empirique

  • Duc-Loi Phan
  • Olivier Gaussens
  • Claude Clair
Registered author(s):

    [eng] Intra-industry trade under perfect monopolistic Competition framework : an empirical investigation Olivier Clair, Olivier Gaussens, Duc-Loi Phan This paper is intended 1) to confirm, by use of finely disaggregated data for 16 industrial countries (5-digit level of the SITC), the existence of international intra-industry trade and to analyzc its characteristics ; and 2) to test some of the hypotheses or findings in theoretical models which apply the analysis of perfcct monopolistic competition to this trade. To this effect we constructed appropriated indices in order to meaaure determining variables such as similarity of factor endowments and of consumption patterns, or cross international direct investments. The empirical results give clear evidence of the role of identical consumption patterns in explaining intra-industry trade and of the cornplementarity between the latter and cross international direct investments, while they are unconclusive on the effect of factor endowments. [fre] Cet article a pour objet : 1) de chercher confirmation, sur les données finement désagrégées relatives aux échanges extérieurs de 16 pays industriels (nomenclature à 5 chiffres CTCI), de l'existence du commerce international intra-branche, et d'analyser ses caractéristiques ; 2) de vérifier quelques hypothèses et propositions émanant des modèles théoriques appliquant l'analyse de concurrence monopolisti­que à ces échanges, et selon lesquelles la proximité clés dotations factorielles et des structures nationales de consommation, et par extension les investissements internationaux directs croisés, participent à la détermination de ces échanges intra-bra'nche. Des indicateurs appropriés ont été construits en vue de ce test. Les résultats de l'estimation statistique te'nclent à confirmer la rôle de la proximité des structures nationales de consommation dans la détermination du commerce international intra-branche, ainsi que la complémentarité entre ce dernier et les mouvements internationaux croisés d'investissements directs, alors qu'ils ne permettent pas de conclure quant à l'incidence des dotations factorielles.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/reco.1984.408781
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/reco_0035-2764_1984_num_35_2_408781
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

    Volume (Year): 35 (1984)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 347-378

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1984_num_35_2_408781
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1984.408781
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/reco

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    1. Caves, Richard E, 1981. "Intra-Industry Trade and Market Structure in the Industrial Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 203-23, July.
    2. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
    3. Amano, Akihiro, 1977. "Specific Factors, Comparative Advantage and International Investment," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 44(174), pages 131-44, May.
    4. H. Gray, 1973. "Two-Way international trade in manufactures: A theoretical underpinning," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 109(1), pages 19-39, March.
    5. Kojima, Kiyoshi, 1975. "International Trade and Foreign Investment : Substitutes or Complements," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 16(1), pages 1-12, June.
    6. H. Gray & John Martin, 1980. "The meaning and measurement of product differentiation in international trade," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 116(2), pages 322-329, June.
    7. Kojima, Kiyoshi, 1977. "Direct Foreign Investment between Advanced Industrialized Countries," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 18(1), pages 1-18, June.
    8. Lancaster, Kelvin, 1980. "Intra-industry trade under perfect monopolistic competition," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 151-175, May.
    9. Emilio Pagoulatos & Robert Sorensen, 1975. "Two-way International trade: An econometric analysis," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 111(3), pages 454-465, 09.
    10. Caves, Richard E, 1971. "International Corporations: The Industrial Economics of Foreign Investment," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 38(149), pages 1-27, February.
    11. Jacquemin, Alexis, 1982. "Imperfect Market Structure and International Trade-Some Recent Research," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(1), pages 75-93.
    12. Antonio Aquino, 1978. "Intra-industry trade and inter-industry specialization as concurrent sources of International Trade in manufactures," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 114(2), pages 275-296, June.
    13. Jean-Louis Mucchielli & B. Lassudrie-Duchêne, 1979. "Les échanges intra-branche et la hiérarchisation des avantages comparés dans le commerce international," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 30(3), pages 442-486.
    14. Rudolf Loertscher & Frank Wolter, 1980. "Determinants of intra-industry trade: Among countries and across industries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 116(2), pages 280-293, June.
    15. Krugman, Paul R, 1981. "Intraindustry Specialization and the Gains from Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 959-73, October.
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