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Le commerce international intra-branche et ses déterminants d'après le schéma de concurrence monopolistique : une vérification empirique

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  • Duc-Loi Phan
  • Olivier Gaussens
  • Claude Clair

Abstract

[eng] Intra-industry trade under perfect monopolistic . Competition framework : an empirical investigation. Olivier Clair, Olivier Gaussens, Duc-Loi Phan. This paper is intended 1) to confirm, by use of finely disaggregated data for 16 industrial countries (5-digit level of the SITC), the existence of international intra-industry trade and to analyzc its characteristics ; and 2) to test some of the hypotheses or findings in theoretical models which apply the analysis of perfcct monopolistic competition to this trade. To this effect we constructed appropriated indices in order to meaaure determining variables such as similarity of factor endowments and of consumption patterns, or cross international direct investments. The empirical results give clear evidence of the role of identical consumption patterns in explaining intra-industry trade and of the cornplementarity between the latter and cross international direct investments, while they are unconclusive on the effect of factor endowments. [fre] Cet article a pour objet : 1) de chercher confirmation, sur les données finement désagrégées relatives aux échanges extérieurs de 16 pays industriels (nomenclature à 5 chiffres CTCI), de l'existence du commerce international intra-branche, et d'analyser ses caractéristiques ; 2) de vérifier quelques hypothèses et propositions émanant des modèles théoriques appliquant l'analyse de concurrence monopolisti­que à ces échanges, et selon lesquelles la proximité clés dotations factorielles et des structures nationales de consommation, et par extension les investissements internationaux directs croisés, participent à la détermination de ces échanges intra-bra'nche. Des indicateurs appropriés ont été construits en vue de ce test. Les résultats de l'estimation statistique te'nclent à confirmer la rôle de la proximité des structures nationales de consommation dans la détermination du commerce international intra-branche, ainsi que la complémentarité entre ce dernier et les mouvements internationaux croisés d'investissements directs, alors qu'ils ne permettent pas de conclure quant à l'incidence des dotations factorielles.

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  • Duc-Loi Phan & Olivier Gaussens & Claude Clair, 1984. "Le commerce international intra-branche et ses déterminants d'après le schéma de concurrence monopolistique : une vérification empirique," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 35(2), pages 347-378.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1984_num_35_2_408781
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1984.408781
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. H. Gray, 1973. "Two-Way international trade in manufactures: A theoretical underpinning," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 109(1), pages 19-39, March.
    2. Antonio Aquino, 1978. "Intra-industry trade and inter-industry specialization as concurrent sources of International Trade in manufactures," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 114(2), pages 275-296, June.
    3. Jean-Louis Mucchielli & B. Lassudrie-Duchêne, 1979. "Les échanges intra-branche et la hiérarchisation des avantages comparés dans le commerce international," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 30(3), pages 442-486.
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    5. Caves, Richard E, 1981. "Intra-Industry Trade and Market Structure in the Industrial Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 203-223, July.
    6. Jacquemin, Alexis, 1982. "Imperfect Market Structure and International Trade-Some Recent Research," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(1), pages 75-93.
    7. Kojima, Kiyoshi, 1977. "Direct Foreign Investment between Advanced Industrialized Countries," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 18(1), pages 1-18, June.
    8. Kojima, Kiyoshi, 1975. "International Trade and Foreign Investment : Substitutes or Complements," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 16(1), pages 1-12, June.
    9. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
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    14. Emilio Pagoulatos & Robert Sorensen, 1975. "Two-way International trade: An econometric analysis," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 111(3), pages 454-465, September.
    15. Krugman, Paul R, 1981. "Intraindustry Specialization and the Gains from Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 959-973, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg & Deniz Ünal, 1995. "Régionalisation et échanges de biens intermédiaires," Working Papers 1995-11, CEPII research center.
    2. Carrera Troyano, Miguel & De Diego Álvarez, Dorotea, 2013. "Evolución de largo plazo del Comercio Intraindustrial de manufacturas de España, 1988-2011
      [Long term evolution of Manufactures Intraindustry Trade in Spain, 1988-2011]
      ," MPRA Paper 51896, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.
    3. K. S. Abd-El-Rahman, 1986. "Réexamen de la définition et de la mesure des échanges croisés de produits similaires entre les nations," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 37(1), pages 89-116.
    4. Lionel Fontagné, 1994. "Concurrence imparfaite, interdépendance des préférences et politiques commerciales," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(3), pages 443-458.

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