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El comercio intra-industrial de España con los países de la comunidad europea(1982-1990): determinantes y efectos de su integración

  • J. Vicente Blanes Cristobal


    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Este trabajo tiene un objetivo doble. Primero, contrastar los determinantes del comercio intraindustrial (CII) en manufacturas de España con sus socios comunitarios en los períodos anterior y posterior a su integración. Se incluyen características tanto nacionales como sectoriales así como aproximaciones alternativas a algunas variables y se comparan diferentes especificaciones para la variable de economías de escala. Segundo, evaluar la incidencia de la integración de España en la CE sobre los determinantes del CII. Con ese fin, se calcula un modelo empírico que indica dos orígenes distintos en los cambios observados en el CII: el producido por la influencia de la integración u otros factores en las variables explicativas y el ocasionado por la distinta magnitud de los efectos después de la integración. Se encuentra que el aumento en el índice de CII se debe principalmente a cambios en la magnitud de sus determinantes, especialmente el incremento en la diferenciación de producto y en el tamaño medio de mercado y la disminución en la diferencia de rentas per capita. Para el conjunto de las variables explicativas, la distinta magnitud de los efectos después de la integración tiene una influencia negativa sobre el CII. Pero distinguiendo entre los diferentes determinantes del CII se observa que las economías de escala, la diferenciación de producto y el tamaño medio de los mercados tienen un mayor impacto tras la integración, mientras que la concentración sectorial y las diferencias en tamaño de mercado lo tienen

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Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wpdea9704.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Jul 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea9704
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  1. James Brander & Paul Krugman, 1980. "A "Reciprocal Dumping" Model of International Trade," Working Papers 405, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  2. Greenaway, David & Milner, Chris R, 1983. "On the Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 93(372), pages 900-908, December.
  3. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
  4. Steven Globerman & James Dean, 1990. "Recent trends in intra-industry trade and their implications for future trade liberalization," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 126(1), pages 25-49, March.
  5. Caves, Richard E, 1981. "Intra-Industry Trade and Market Structure in the Industrial Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 203-23, July.
  6. Lars Lundberg, 1982. "Intra-industry trade : The case of Sweden," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 118(2), pages 302-316, June.
  7. Balassa, Bela & Bauwens, Luc, 1987. "Intra-industry Specialisation in a Multi-country and Multi-industry Framework," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(388), pages 923-39, December.
  8. Rudolf Loertscher & Frank Wolter, 1980. "Determinants of intra-industry trade: Among countries and across industries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 116(2), pages 280-293, June.
  9. Jacob Kol & L. Mennes, 1989. "Corrections for trade imbalance: A survey," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 125(4), pages 703-717, December.
  10. Emilio Pagoulatos & Robert Sorensen, 1975. "Two-way International trade: An econometric analysis," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 111(3), pages 454-465, 09.
  11. Greenaway, David & Milner, Chris, 1984. "A cross section analysis of intra-industry trade in the U.K," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 319-344, August.
  12. Ernesto Somma, 1994. "Intra-industry trade in the European computers industry," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 130(4), pages 784-799, December.
  13. Don Clark, 1993. "Recent evidence on determinants of intra-industry trade," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 129(2), pages 332-344, June.
  14. Greenaway, David, 1987. "The New Theories of Intra-industry Trade," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(2), pages 95-120, April.
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