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La traçabilité comme un standard de production

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  • Christophe Charlier

Abstract

[fre] Cet article défend l'idée selon laquelle, avec l'attention portée à la sécurité alimentaire, la traçabilité a été délogée du champ de la différenciation des produits, où elle est née, pour être appliquée dans un nouveau champ: celui de la standardisation de la production. Au départ utilisée dans la perspective d'une stratégie de niche par un petit nombre de producteurs de produits agricoles de qualité supérieure, la traçabilité est aujourd'hui présentée comme une politique au service de la sécurité alimentaire utilisée par l'ensemble des producteurs. À partir de ce constat, cet article souligne le problème de la coordination nécessaire entre producteurs sur un système de traçabilité. La question particulière est de déterminer dans quelle mesure l'issue de cette coordination peut desservir l'objectif de sécurité alimentaire. Enfin, dans ce contexte, l'impact d'une réglementation relevant les exigences du système de traçabilité minimal obligatoire est envisagé. [eng] Traceability: as a production standard - The aim of this article is to show that traceabil- ity, initially a means of differentiating products, has now become a production standard, as a result of having become the prevalent mechanism relied upon by the vast majority of producers to ensure food safety. However, a coordination problem naturally emerges among producers attempting to set such a standard. The question raised here is whether the solutions to this problem can come into conflict with the goal of achieving food safety. The article also explores the effects of a stricter regulation that would establish a minimal traceability standard.

Suggested Citation

  • Christophe Charlier, 2003. "La traçabilité comme un standard de production," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 275(1), pages 5-18.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_275_1_5410
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5410
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Scarpa, Carlo, 1998. "Minimum quality standards with more than two firms1," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 665-676, September.
    2. Bernard Ruffieux & Egizio Valceschini, 1996. "Biens d'origine et compétence des consommateurs : les enjeux de la normalisation dans l'agro-alimentaire," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 75(1), pages 133-146.
    3. Joseph Farrell & Carl Shapiro, 1988. "Dynamic Competition with Switching Costs," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 19(1), pages 123-137, Spring.
    4. Uri Ronnen, 1991. "Minimum Quality Standards, Fixed Costs, and Competition," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 22(4), pages 490-504, Winter.
    5. Carl Shapiro, 1983. "Premiums for High Quality Products as Returns to Reputations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 98(4), pages 659-679.
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