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Les OGM entre la science et le public? Quatre modèles pour la gouvernance de l'innovation et des risques

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  • Pierre-Benoît Joly

Abstract

[fre] À partir de conceptions différenciées du public et de la science, ce papier présente quatre modèles génériques pour la gouvernance des risques. Ces modèles idéal-typiques permettent de mieux poser deux questions essentielles: la question de la participation du public et celle du traitement de l'incertitude. Concernant le dossier des ogm, nous utilisons ces modèles pour montrer que l'expérience Européenne actuelle ne peut pas être assimilée à l'expérience américaine de procéduralisation et d'ouverture de l'expertise dans les années 1970. C'est précisément le caractère profondément original de cette expérience qu'il faut saisir afin de mieux en dessiner les enjeux. [eng] Gmo's between science and the public: four models for the governance of innovation and risk - This paper presents four models for the governance of innovation and risks, based on different views of the public and of science. These models address two key issues in current policy debates: the question of public participation and of the management of uncertainty. These models are used to highlight the difference between the transformation of the use of scientific expertise for public decision-making which occurred in the US in the 70's and ongoing developments in the European Union.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre-Benoît Joly, 2001. "Les OGM entre la science et le public? Quatre modèles pour la gouvernance de l'innovation et des risques," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 266(1), pages 11-29.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_266_1_5273
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2001.5273
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