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Politiques agricoles et localisation des productions dans l'Union européenne La déconnexion des marchés

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  • Karine Daniel
  • Laurent Maillard

Abstract

[fre] Nous analysons dans quelle mesure la localisation des productions agricoles dans l'Union européenne est déterminée par l'évolution de la localisation de la demande communautaire. L'analyse empirique développée s'appuie sur des travaux théoriques menés dans le champ de l'économie géographique. Les productions agricoles tendent à se concentrer près de la demande selon un schéma de minimisation des coûts d'accès au marché. La localisation des productions fortement soutenues dans le cadre de la Politique agricole commune est moins dépendante des coûts de transport. Ces productions (lait, viande bovine et céréales) sont moins concentrées géographiquement que les produits non soutenus. [eng] Agricultural policies and productions location in the european union: the markets disconnection - We analyze the impact of the evolution of the demand location on the location of agricultural productions within the European Union. The developed empirical analysis is based on theoretical works led in geographic economy field. The agricultural productions tend to concentrate near the demand to minimize the access costs to the market. The location of productions strongly supported by the Common Agricultural Policy program is less dependent on transport costs. These productions (milk - bovine meat and cereals) are less concentrated geographically than the others products.

Suggested Citation

  • Karine Daniel & Laurent Maillard, 2001. "Politiques agricoles et localisation des productions dans l'Union européenne La déconnexion des marchés," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 261(1), pages 23-36.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_261_1_5216
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2001.5216
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Daniel, K., 2000. "Integration economique et localisation des productions agricoles. Le role des politiques de differenciation des produits liees au territoire," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 2000.02, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    2. Davis, Donald R. & Weinstein, David E., 1999. "Economic geography and regional production structure: An empirical investigation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 379-407, February.
    3. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    4. A Kellerman, 1989. "Agricultural location theory 1: basic models," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 21(10), pages 1381-1396, October.
    5. A Kellerman, 1989. "Agricultural Location Theory 1: Basic Models," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 21(10), pages 1381-1396, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Karine Daniel, 2003. "Concentration et spécialisation : quel schéma pour l'agriculture communautaire ?," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 158(2), pages 105-120.

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