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Redistribution, inégalité et chômage

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  • Vincent Touzé

Abstract

[fre] Redistribution, inégalité et chômage par Vincent Touzé . L'objet de cet article est de proposer un fondement théorique de la relation inégalité-chômage mise en évidence de façon empirique. Pour ce faire, on utilise une économie à générations imbriquées dans laquelle l'État redistribue les richesses entre les individus à l' aide d' une taxation linéaire. Les caractéristiques des individus ne sont pas observables et les paramètres du système de redistribution sont choisis au moyen du modèle de taxation optimale de Mirrlees. Un tel système de redistribution engendre une relation entre inégalité et chômage. Le problème de la redistribution optimale s'envisage comme un arbitrage particulier entre inégalité et chômage. A long terme, l'impact sur le pouvoir d'achat stationnaire peut aussi intervenir. Ces résultats sont illustrés à l'aide d'un exemple numérique. [eng] Redistribution, Inequality and Unemployment by Vincent Touzé . This paper proposes a theoretical foundation for the empirically observed inequahty-unemployment relation. This is achieved with an overlapping generations economy in which the government applies linear taxation to redistribute wealth amongst individuals. The individuals' characteristics are not observable and the parameters of the redistribution system are chosen using the Mirrlees optimal taxation model. This kind of redistribution system creates a relation between inequaUty and unemployment. The optimal redistribution system is seen as a specific choice between inequality and unemployment. Static purchasing power can also be affected in the long run. These findings are illustrated by a numerical example.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Touzé, 1999. "Redistribution, inégalité et chômage," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 138(2), pages 61-75.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1999_num_138_2_5959
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1999.5959
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    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

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