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Global Patterns in the Implementation of Payments for Environmental Services

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  • Driss Ezzine-de-Blas
  • Sven Wunder
  • Manuel Ruiz-Pérez
  • Rocio del Pilar Moreno-Sanchez

Abstract

Assessing global tendencies and impacts of conditional payments for environmental services (PES) programs is challenging because of their heterogeneity, and scarcity of comparative studies. This meta-study systematizes 55 PES schemes worldwide in a quantitative database. Using categorical principal component analysis to highlight clustering patterns, we reconfirm frequently hypothesized differences between public and private PES schemes, but also identify diverging patterns between commercial and non-commercial private PES vis-à-vis their service focus, area size, and market orientation. When do these PES schemes likely achieve significant environmental additionality? Using binary logistical regression, we find additionality to be positively influenced by three theoretically recommended PES ‘best design’ features: spatial targeting, payment differentiation, and strong conditionality, alongside some contextual controls (activity paid for and implementation time elapsed). Our results thus stress the preeminence of customized design over operational characteristics when assessing what determines the outcomes of PES implementation.

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  • Driss Ezzine-de-Blas & Sven Wunder & Manuel Ruiz-Pérez & Rocio del Pilar Moreno-Sanchez, 2016. "Global Patterns in the Implementation of Payments for Environmental Services," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 11(3), pages 1-16, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:plo:pone00:0149847
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149847
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Benjamin S. Thompson, 2019. "Payments for ecosystem services and corporate social responsibility: Perspectives on sustainable production, stakeholder relations, and philanthropy in Thailand," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(4), pages 497-511, May.
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    3. Authelet, Manon & Subervie, Julie & Meyfroidt, Patrick & Asquith, Nigel & Ezzine-de-Blas, Driss, 2021. "Economic, pro-social and pro-environmental factors influencing participation in an incentive-based conservation program in Bolivia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 145(C).
    4. Perevochtchikova, Maria & Castro-Díaz, Ricardo & Langle-Flores, Alfonso & Von Thaden Ugalde, Juan José, 2021. "A systematic review of scientific publications on the effects of payments for ecosystem services in Latin America, 2000–2020," Ecosystem Services, Elsevier, vol. 49(C).
    5. Brownson, Katherine & Anderson, Elizabeth P. & Ferreira, Susana & Wenger, Seth & Fowler, Laurie & German, Laura, 2020. "Governance of Payments for Ecosystem Ecosystem services influences social and environmental outcomes in Costa Rica," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 174(C).
    6. Núñez-Regueiro, Mauricio M. & Hiller, Josh & Branch, Lyn C. & Núñez Godoy, Cristina & Siddiqui, Sharmin & Volante, José & Soto, José R., 2020. "Policy lessons from spatiotemporal enrollment patterns of payment for ecosystem service programs in Argentina," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 95(C).
    7. Etchart, Nicolle & Freire, José Luis & Holland, Margaret B. & Jones, Kelly W. & Naughton-Treves, Lisa, 2020. "What happens when the money runs out? Forest outcomes and equity concerns following Ecuador’s suspension of conservation payments," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 136(C).
    8. Wanggi Jaung & Louis Putzel & Gary Q. Bull & Diswandi Diswandi & Witardi & Markum, 2019. "Temporal Reliability of Willingness to Pay for Payments for Environmental Services: Lessons from Lombok, Indonesia," Water Economics and Policy (WEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 5(04), pages 1-22, October.
    9. Benjamin S. Thompson, 2021. "Corporate Payments for Ecosystem Services in Theory and Practice: Links to Economics, Business, and Sustainability," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(15), pages 1-18, July.
    10. Dirk-Jan Koch & Marloes Verholt, 2020. "Limits to learning: the struggle to adapt to unintended effects of international payment for environmental services programmes," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 507-539, September.
    11. Blanco, Esther & Struwe, Natalie & Walker, James M., 2021. "Experimental evidence on sharing rules and additionality in transfer payments," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 188(C), pages 1221-1247.
    12. Dirk-Jan Koch & Marloes Verholt, 0. "Limits to learning: the struggle to adapt to unintended effects of international payment for environmental services programmes," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-33.
    13. Thu-Ha Dang Phan & Roy Brouwer & Long Phi Hoang & Marc David Davidson, 2018. "Do payments for forest ecosystem services generate double dividends? An integrated impact assessment of Vietnam’s PES program," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 13(8), pages 1-16, August.
    14. Duong, Ngoc T.B. & De Groot, Wouter T., 2020. "The impact of payment for forest environmental services (PFES) on community-level forest management in Vietnam," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(C).
    15. Pierre Mokondoko & Robert H Manson & Taylor H Ricketts & Daniel Geissert, 2018. "Spatial analysis of ecosystem service relationships to improve targeting of payments for hydrological services," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 13(2), pages 1-27, February.
    16. Loft, Lasse & Gehrig, Stefan & Le, Dung Ngoc & Rommel, Jens, 2019. "Effectiveness and equity of Payments for Ecosystem Services: Real-effort experiments with Vietnamese land users," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 218-228.
    17. Wang, Ying & Zhang, Qi & Bilsborrow, Richard & Tao, Shiqi & Chen, Xiaodong & Sullivan-Wiley, Kira & Huang, Qingfeng & Li, Jiangfeng & Song, Conghe, 2020. "Effects of payments for ecosystem services programs in China on rural household labor allocation and land use: Identifying complex pathways," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 99(C).
    18. Ruggiero, Patricia G.C. & Metzger, Jean Paul & Reverberi Tambosi, Leandro & Nichols, Elizabeth, 2019. "Payment for ecosystem services programs in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: Effective but not enough," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 283-291.
    19. Benra, Felipe & Nahuelhual, Laura, 2019. "A trilogy of inequalities: Land ownership, forest cover and ecosystem services distribution," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 247-257.
    20. Powlen, Kathryn A. & Jones, Kelly W., 2019. "Identifying the determinants of and barriers to landowner participation in reforestation in Costa Rica," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 216-225.
    21. Izquierdo-Tort, Santiago & Ortiz-Rosas, Fiorella & Vázquez-Cisneros, Paola Angélica, 2019. "‘Partial’ participation in Payments for Environmental Services (PES): Land enrolment and forest loss in the Mexican Lacandona Rainforest," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C).
    22. Oliveira Fiorini, Ana Carolina & Mullally, Conner & Swisher, Marilyn & Putz, Francis E., 2020. "Forest cover effects of payments for ecosystem services: Evidence from an impact evaluation in Brazil," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 169(C).

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