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Determinants of Managerial Performance: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Perceptions of Middle-Level Managers in Four Countries


  • James P Neelankavil

    (Hofstra University)

  • Anil Mathur

    (Hofstra University)

  • Yong Zhang

    (Hofstra University)


This paper examines differences in what affects managerial performance of middle-level managers in four countries—China (N=204), India (N=184), the Philippines (N=220), and the United States (N=176). Important differences were predicted and found in factors affecting managerial performance as perceived by the respondents. While East-West differences exist, significant differences are noted among the three Asian countries. Specifically, Chinese and American managers represented two extremes in their beliefs about what determines managerial performance of middle-level managers. Both Filipino and Indian managers were found more similar to their U.S. counterparts than their Chinese counterparts. Implications of the findings are discussed.© 2000 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (2000) 31, 121–140

Suggested Citation

  • James P Neelankavil & Anil Mathur & Yong Zhang, 2000. "Determinants of Managerial Performance: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Perceptions of Middle-Level Managers in Four Countries," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 31(1), pages 121-140, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:31:y:2000:i:1:p:121-140

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    Cited by:

    1. Moon, Junyean & Chadee, Doren & Tikoo, Surinder, 2008. "Culture, product type, and price influences on consumer purchase intention to buy personalized products online," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 31-39, January.
    2. Rune Ellemose Gulev, 2009. "Are National and Organizational Cultures Isomorphic? Evidence from a Four Country Comparative Study," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 7(3), pages 259-279.
    3. repec:spr:manint:v:53:y:2013:i:1:d:10.1007_s11575-012-0166-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Flora F. T. Chiang & Thomas A. Birtch, 2010. "Appraising Performance across Borders: An Empirical Examination of the Purposes and Practices of Performance Appraisal in a Multi-Country Context," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(7), pages 1365-1393, November.
    5. Mediha Sahin & Alina Todiras & Peter Nijkamp & Bart Neuts & Christiaan Behrens, 2012. "A Structural Equations Model for Assessing the Economic Performance of High-tech Ethnic Entrepreneurs," Chapters,in: Globalization Trends and Regional Development, chapter 9 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Awang-Rozaimie Awang-Shuib Author_Email: & Brandon Oii & Anees Janee Ali, 2011. "Multicultural Awareness For Better Ways Of Life: A Scale Validation Among Malaysian Undergraduate Students," 2nd International Conference on Business and Economic Research (2nd ICBER 2011) Proceeding 2011-234, Conference Master Resources.
    7. repec:eee:iburev:v:27:y:2018:i:1:p:125-138 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Hong-kin Kwok, 2012. "The Generation Y’s Working Encounter: A Comparative Study of Hong Kong and other Chinese Cities," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 231-249, June.

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