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Electricity Access and the Performance of Micro and Small Enterprises: Evidence from West Africa

Author

Listed:
  • Michael Grimm

    (1] University of Passau, Passau, Germany[2] Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands[3] IZA, Bonn, Germany)

  • Renate Hartwig

    (1] University of Passau, Passau, Germany[2] Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands)

  • Jann Lay

    (1] German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA), Hamburg, Germany[2] University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany)

Abstract

S’il est largement reconnu que l’accès à l’électricité joue un rôle important dans la performance des entreprises, les données empiriques sur la question sont mitigées. Qui plus est, peu d’informations sont disponibles concernant les petites et micro-entreprises opérant dans le secteur informel. Nous constatons, à partir d’un échantillon représentatif d’entreprises informelles de sept villes d’Afrique occidentale, qu’il n’existe aucune donnée démontrant un effet positif systématique et significatif de l’accès à l’électricité sur la performance des entreprises. Cependant, en examinant de près un échantillon plus homogène de tailleurs travaillant à Ouagadougou, nous observons un effet positif de l’électricité, l’accès à cette dernière favorisant l’adoption de machines modernes et contribuant au fonctionnement des entreprises. Nos résultats offrent une nouvelle illustration de l’hétérogénéité du secteur informel, qui doit être prise en compte lors de l’élaboration de politiques publiques destinées à aider les entreprises opérant dans ce segment de l’économie à surmonter les obstacles à la croissance.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Grimm & Renate Hartwig & Jann Lay, 2013. "Electricity Access and the Performance of Micro and Small Enterprises: Evidence from West Africa," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 25(5), pages 815-829, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:25:y:2013:i:5:p:815-829
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    Cited by:

    1. Lenz, Luciane & Munyehirwe, Anicet & Peters, Jörg & Sievert, Maximiliane, 2017. "Does Large-Scale Infrastructure Investment Alleviate Poverty? Impacts of Rwanda’s Electricity Access Roll-Out Program," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 88-110.
    2. Lisa CHAUVET & Alvaro DE MIGUEL TORRES & Alexa TIEMANN, 2018. "Electricity and manufacturing firm profits in Myanmar," Working Papers P214, FERDI.
    3. repec:eee:juipol:v:45:y:2017:i:c:p:109-117 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Lisa Chauvet & De Miguel Torres Alvaro & Alexa Tiemann, 2018. "Electricity and manufacturing firm profits in Myanmar," Post-Print hal-01715529, HAL.
    5. Lisa CHAUVET & Alvaro DE MIGUEL TORRES & Alexa TIEMANN, 2018. "Electricity and manufacturing firm profits in Myanmar," Working Papers P214, FERDI.

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