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International Trade and Carbon Emissions

Author

Listed:
  • Richard Kozul-Wright

    (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Geneva, Switzerland.)

  • Piergiuseppe Fortunato

    (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Geneva, Switzerland.)

Abstract

Using panel data, we find evidence for significant direct and indirect effects of trade on carbon emissions. Trade tends to increase the emissions burden, especially in those less industrialized countries. We also find evidence for a U-shaped relationship between income per capita and carbon emissions. We discuss the effectiveness of emission reduction policies in light of these results and advance some proposals to reconcile environmental and trade policymaking.A partir de données de panel, nous constatons que le commerce a des effets directs et indirects significatifs sur les émissions de carbone. Le commerce tend à accroître la charge des émissions, particulièrement dans les pays moins industrialisés. Les données mettent également en évidence une relation en forme de U entre le revenu par habitant et les émissions de carbone. Au vu de ces résultats, nous évaluons l’efficacité des politiques de réduction des émissions et formulons des propositions pour concilier l’élaboration des politiques commerciales et celle des politiques environnementales

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Kozul-Wright & Piergiuseppe Fortunato, 2012. "International Trade and Carbon Emissions," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 24(4), pages 509-529, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:24:y:2012:i:4:p:509-529
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    4. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Nasreen, Samia & Ahmed, Khalid & Hammoudeh, Shawkat, 2017. "Trade openness–carbon emissions nexus: The importance of turning points of trade openness for country panels," Energy Economics, Elsevier, pages 221-232.
    5. repec:spr:ieaple:v:17:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s10784-017-9373-x is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Nasreen, Samia & Ahmed, Khalid & Hammoudeh, Shawkat, 2017. "Trade openness–carbon emissions nexus: The importance of turning points of trade openness for country panels," Energy Economics, Elsevier, pages 221-232.
    7. Concetta Castiglione & Davide Infante & Janna Smirnova, 2014. "Is There Any Evidence on the Existence of an Environmental Taxation Kuznets Curve? The Case of European Countries under Their Rule of Law Enforcement," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(10), pages 1-21, October.

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