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Large-Scale Transition of Economic Systems – Do CEECs Converge Toward Western Prototypes?


  • Markus Ahlborn

    () (PFH Göttingen)

  • Joachim Ahrens

    () (PFH Göttingen)

  • Rainer Schweickert

    () (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)


We analyze potential convergence of Central and Eastern European Countries’ (CEECs) economic systems toward western prototypes. The corresponding comparative capitalism literature identified four prototype economic systems among (traditional) OECD countries: Liberal, Continental, Nordic, and Mediterranean. Based on a comprehensive macroeconomic cluster approach, we are able to confirm these prototype country clusters. At the same time, our results indicate that the economic systems of CEECs have still not completely converged toward these prototypes, but complement them by independent Liberal (CEEC LME) and Continental/Nordic (CEEC CME) varieties, showing no signs of convergence toward the inconsistent and underperforming economic system of Mediterranean countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Markus Ahlborn & Joachim Ahrens & Rainer Schweickert, 2016. "Large-Scale Transition of Economic Systems – Do CEECs Converge Toward Western Prototypes?," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 58(3), pages 430-454, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:compes:v:58:y:2016:i:3:d:10.1057_s41294-016-0009-x
    DOI: 10.1057/s41294-016-0009-x

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Ahlborn, Markus & Schweickert, Rainer, 2019. "Economic systems in developing countries – A macro cluster approach," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 43(3).
    3. Wrobel, Ralph, 2015. "From independence to the Euro introduction: varieties of capitalism in the Baltic States," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 9-38.
    4. Joscha Beckmann & Rainer Schweickert & Markus Ahlborn & Inna Melnykovska, 2020. "Drivers of Government Activity in European Countries: Do Partisan Politics Still Divide East and West?," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(5), pages 1235-1251, September.

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    More about this item


    varieties of capitalism; worlds of welfare states; government spending; regulation; cluster analysis; transition; economic systems; CEECs;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H10 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - General
    • P10 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - General
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems


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