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Housing supply elasticity and growth: evidence from Italian cities

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  • A Accetturo
  • A. R Lamorgese
  • S Mocetti
  • D Pellegrino

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of housing supply elasticity on urban development. Using data for a sample of roughly one hundred Italian main cities observed over 40 years, we first estimate housing supply elasticities at the city level, measured as the correlation between the changes in the housing stock and in the house prices. Second, we show that differences in the elasticity of housing supply may determine the extent to which a demand shock translates into more intense employment growth or more expensive houses. To address endogeneity of housing supply elasticity, we exploit a synthetic measure of physical constraints to residential development as instrumental variable. We find that an exogenous increase in labor demand determines a rise of employment and house prices; however, in cities with a less elastic housing supply, the impact on economic growth is significantly lessened while the effects on house prices are larger.

Suggested Citation

  • A Accetturo & A. R Lamorgese & S Mocetti & D Pellegrino, 2021. "Housing supply elasticity and growth: evidence from Italian cities," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(3), pages 367-396.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jecgeo:v:21:y:2021:i:3:p:367-396.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/jeg/lbaa034
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    2. Raffaello Bronzini & Emanuele Ciani & Francesco Montaruli, 2022. "Tourism and local growth in Italy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(1), pages 140-154, January.
    3. Loschiavo, David, 2021. "Big-city life (dis)satisfaction? The effect of urban living on subjective well-being," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 192(C), pages 740-764.
    4. Luca Casolaro & Cristina Fabrizi, 2018. "House prices in local markets in Italy: dynamics, levels and the role of urban agglomerations," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 456, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    5. Elisabetta Manzoli & Sauro Mocetti, 2019. "The House Price Gradient: Evidence from Italian Cities," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 5(2), pages 281-305, July.
    6. Dalmazzo, Alberto & de Blasio, Guido & Poy, Samuele, 2022. "Can Public Housing Trigger Industrialization?," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).
    7. Pierluigi Bologna & Wanda Cornacchia & Maddalena Galardo, 2020. "Prudential policies, credit supply and house prices: evidence from Italy," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1294, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    8. Antonio Accetturo & Sauro Mocetti, 2019. "Historical Origins and Developments of Italian Cities," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 5(2), pages 205-222, July.
    9. Giuseppe Albanese & Guglielmo Barone & Guido DeBlasio, 2021. "The impact of place-based policies on income distribution," Discussion Paper series in Regional Science & Economic Geography 2021-04, Gran Sasso Science Institute, Social Sciences, revised Mar 2021.
    10. Bologna, Pierluigi & Cornacchia, Wanda & Galardo, Maddalena, 2022. "Release of a liquidity regulation: What do we learn for credit and house prices?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    housing supply elasticity; city growth; house prices; physical constraints;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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