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Global productivity distribution and trade liberalisation: evidence from processed food industries

  • Jun Ruan
  • Munisamy Gopinath

In this study, we test the hypothesis that an industry's average productivity increases with liberalised trade in the context of processed food industries. Furthermore, we examine the resulting cross-country resource and market share reallocation in these industries. For this purpose, we employ a kernel density estimator to approximate the global productivity distribution in five major processed food industries for every period between 1993 and 2000. We find that the mean and alternative percentiles of the global productivity distribution shift to the right with liberalised international trade. Moreover, countries with faster productivity growth than the global average benefit from trade liberalisation by acquiring a larger share of global markets and resources. Oxford University Press and Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics 2009; all rights reserved. For permissions, please email, Oxford University Press.

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Article provided by Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics in its journal European Review of Agricultural Economics.

Volume (Year): 35 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 439-460

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Handle: RePEc:oup:erevae:v:35:y:2008:i:4:p:439-460
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