The Political Economy of Agricultural Policy Reform
There exists today an opportunity for significant reform of world agricultural policies. The political-economic question is how this reform can be brought to fruition in the face of powerful domestic interests opposed to such a change. One proposal is to impose external binding constraints under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) code. At the same time, politically acceptable internal mechanisms for actually achieving reform must be sought. This necessitates first identifying whether existing policies are motivated by political economic-seeking transfers (PESTs) or political economic resource transactions (PERTs). Second, three issues related to PEST policies must be addressed: (1) transparency, revealing the winners/losers of existing policies; (2) compensation, for the losers from reform; and (3) institutional design, to ensure the implementation and maintenace of reform. From this analysis, strategies can be designed for internal reform of agricultural policies in individual countries/commodities consistent with external binding constraints. Copyright 1988 by Oxford University Press.
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Volume (Year): 15 (1988)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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