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Are Customers Rewarding Responsible Businesses? An Overview of the Theory and Research in the Field of CSR

  • Alexandra ZBUCHEA

    ()

    (College of Management, National University of Political Studies and Public Administration)

Many researchers consider corporate social responsibility (CSR) a key element in developing sustainable businesses today. The benefits for companies and communities are very diverse. From a company perspective, some benefits are non-financials while, on the other hand, many of them have a financial dimension. An important outcome considered in this context is the increase in sales. The present paper analyses the most reliable worldwide studies on how consumers are actually influenced by the social-responsible actions of companies. It aims to understand in what degree people are responsive to CSR actions and to see how much of the intended attitude towards responsible businesses is translated into actual behavior. Items considered are trust, purchase behavior, and loyalty in the case of responsible businesses and boycott in the case of irresponsible ones. The research developed worldwide in the last five years show that people are extremely concerned with CSR and they try to be responsible by rewarding companies that are responsible or by sanctioning the ones which are perceived as irresponsible. There is a difference between intentions and actual behavior, partly justified by the fact that people feel they are not sufficiently informed on the responsible companies. Nevertheless a larger part part of the respondents are actively recognizing and rewarding CSR contributions of companies. Research shows that country differences exist. The most responsive countries are the ones with emerging economies. Countries in Europe and North America are more reserved. Differences in reactions are to be registered also by taking into account the age of the respondents, as well as the domain in which companies get involved through their CSR strategies.

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Article provided by College of Management, National University of Political Studies and Public Administration in its journal Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy.

Volume (Year): 1 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
Pages: 367-385

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Handle: RePEc:nup:jrmdke:v:1:y:2013:i:3:p:367-385
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  1. Jean-Pascal Gond & Olivier Herrbach, 2006. "Social Reporting as an Organisational Learning Tool? A Theoretical Framework," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 65(4), pages 359-371, 06.
  2. Rémi BAZILLIER & Julien Vauday, 2009. "The Greenwashing Machine, Is CSR more than communication ?," Working Papers 1617, Orleans Economic Laboratorys, University of Orleans.
  3. Dima Jamali, 2008. "A Stakeholder Approach to Corporate Social Responsibility: A Fresh Perspective into Theory and Practice," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 82(1), pages 213-231, September.
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