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Examination of Affordable Housing Policies in India


  • Anindo Sarkar
  • Udayan Dhavalikar
  • Vikram Agrawal
  • Sebastian Morris


In this paper we critique the Government of India¡¯s programmes for affordable housing in India, namely the Rajiv Awas Yojana and Housing for All 2022. We analyse the efficacy of these policies in being able to provide the sections of the population who are unable to avail housing from the formal market, both through direct support and most importantly in addressing the many distortions that have made the housing unnecessarily expensive, while taking away much of the value to consumers. We argue that while these programmes and policies are a major advancement over the previous approaches, they do not fully exploit the potential that is there in an increased FSI, appropriate exploitation of locational value, judicious use of government land, reform of titles and squatter rights, and more efficient land use regulations. They are also constrained by an inability to distinguish between what the markets can be coaxed to deliver and where state intervention becomes necessary.

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  • Anindo Sarkar & Udayan Dhavalikar & Vikram Agrawal & Sebastian Morris, 2016. "Examination of Affordable Housing Policies in India," Business and Management Horizons, Macrothink Institute, vol. 4(1), pages 39-69, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:mth:bmh888:v:4:y:2016:i:1:p:39-69

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Morris, Sebastian & Pandey, Ajay, 2010. "The Question of Land and Infrastructure Development in India: Urgently Required Reforms for Fairness and Infrastructural Development," IIMA Working Papers WP2010-03-02, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    2. Morris, Sebastian, 2001. "Issues in Infrastructure Development Today: The Interlinkages," MPRA Paper 24427, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Annez, Patricia & Bertaud, Alain & Patel, Bimal & Phatak, V. K., 2010. "Working with the market : a new approach to reducing urban slums in India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5475, The World Bank.
    4. Morris, Sebastian & Pandey, Ajay, 2007. "Towards Reform of Land Acquisition Framework in India," IIMA Working Papers WP2007-05-04, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
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