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Theoretical Aspects of the Economic Transition: The Case of Romania


  • Cezar Scarlat

    (University ‘Politehnica’ of Bucharest, Romania)

  • Eugen I. Scarlat

    (University ‘Politehnica’ of Bucharest, Romania)


For Romania, as for all other ex-communist countries from Eastern Europe, the transition from the rigid centrally planned economic system to the free-market economy, fair competition based, was an amazing experience. From the academic standpoint, the economic reform was a huge research opportunity, as well as having extremely important practical consequences. Based on the case of Romania, the authors have developed an original, bi-dimensional matrix model of this transition process (Scarlat Model), emphasizing the typology of four basic economic systems. Managerial aspects are underlined – both for economic systems and transition process – as well as some stability considerations. Two features of the transition strategy are presented: the transition path and duration of the process. Special attention was paid to assessing the moment by when the economic transition ends. Analysis of the transition path – based on the theory of deterministic chaos (i.e. short-run predictability) – has led to interesting results: a comprehensive research on the evolution of the Romanian currency exchange over a period of sixteen years (1990–2005) revealed three intervals in the Romanian recent history of economic transition and confirmed the diagnostic of transition end. The general model is applied in the case of Romania and some interesting findings are presented, but it is also fully applicable to all Eastern European countries and not only Romania. The EU accessing process is a different type of transition – rigorously planned, regulated and monitored.

Suggested Citation

  • Cezar Scarlat & Eugen I. Scarlat, 2007. "Theoretical Aspects of the Economic Transition: The Case of Romania," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 5(4), pages 307-331.
  • Handle: RePEc:mgt:youmgt:v:5:y:2007:i:4:p:307-331

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Antonin Ricard & Ekaterina Pennec & Emmanuelle Reynaud, 2016. "Representation as a driver of internationalization: The case of a singular Russian SME," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 96-120, March.
    2. repec:jes:wpaper:y:2012:v:4:p:296-305 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:jes:journl:y:2017:v:8:p:127-146 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Paula-Elena Diacon, 2012. "The Economic Transition Of Romania From A Behavioural Economics Perspective," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 4(3), pages 296-305, September.
    5. Balázs Heidrich & Mónika-Anetta Alt, 2009. "Godfather Management? The Role of Leaders in Changing Organizational Culture in Transition Economies: A Hungarian-Romanian Comparison," Management, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 4(4), pages 309-327.

    More about this item


    economy model; economic transition; transition path; deterministic chaos; EU accession;

    JEL classification:

    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform


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