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Twin Deficits versus Unpleasant Fiscal Arithmetic in a Small Open Economy

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  • Kawai, Masahiro
  • Maccini, Louis J

Abstract

This paper studies fiscal deficits, consumption-saving behavior, current account imbalances, and exchange rates in a small open economy populated by households with finite lives. Suppose the government undertakes a bond-financed tax cut today. The authors find that if tax finance is anticipated primarily to be used in the future to close the deficit then 'twin deficits' will be observed today, but if money finance is anticipated primarily to be used in the future then current fiscal deficits will induce a decline in current consumption, thus creating trade surpluses, a result they term 'unpleasant fiscal arithmetic.' Copyright 1995 by Ohio State University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Kawai, Masahiro & Maccini, Louis J, 1995. "Twin Deficits versus Unpleasant Fiscal Arithmetic in a Small Open Economy," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(3), pages 639-658, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:27:y:1995:i:3:p:639-58
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    Cited by:

    1. Barbara Annicchiarico, 2006. "Fiscal Policy and Exchange Rates," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 89(2), pages 165-185, November.
    2. repec:kap:iaecre:v:4:y:1998:i:4:p:305-317 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. S M Ali Abbas & Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe & Antonio Fatás & Paolo Mauro & Ricardo C Velloso, 2011. "Fiscal Policy and the Current Account," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 59(4), pages 603-629, November.
    4. Nina Budina & Sweder Van Wijnbergen, 2001. "Fiscal deficits, monetary reform and inflation stabilization in romania," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 165-194.
    5. Giancarlo Marini & Giovanni Piersanti, 2003. "Fiscal Deficits and Currency Crises," CEIS Research Paper 15, Tor Vergata University, CEIS.
    6. Piersanti, Giovanni, 2000. "Current account dynamics and expected future budget deficits: some international evidence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 255-271, April.
    7. Daniel Ryan, 1998. "Optimum government credibility in an open-economy fiscal expansion," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 4(4), pages 305-317, November.
    8. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:5:y:2007:i:7:p:1-12 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Richard Cantor & Robert Driskill, 1996. "Can a fiscal contraction strengthen a currency?: Some doubts about conventional Mundell-Fleming results," Research Paper 9629, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    10. Shankar Prasad Acharya, 2009. "Verification of Causality through VAR and Intervention Analysis: Econometric Modeling on Budget Deficit and Trade Deficit in Nepal," NRB Economic Review, Nepal Rastra Bank, Research Department, vol. 21, pages 1-1, April.

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