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Impact of Ownership and Concentration of Land on Schooling


  • Haroon Jamal

    () (Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC), Karachi, Pakistan.)

  • Amir Jahan Khan

    () (Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC), Karachi, Pakistan.)


The study argues for land reform inPakistan by demonstrating an inverse relationship between students’ enrollment and land concentration and landlessness for 50 districts of the Punjab and Sindh provinces. With the help of enrollment data from the Population Census, a composite measure is constructed and linked withthe inequality in ownership of land and landlessness. While the effect of the development level of districts on schooling is as expected positive and substantial, both the Gini coefficient for land ownership and coefficient of landlessness are negative and statistically significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Haroon Jamal & Amir Jahan Khan, 2005. "Impact of Ownership and Concentration of Land on Schooling," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 10(2), pages 1-14, Jul-Dec.
  • Handle: RePEc:lje:journl:v:10:y:2005:i:2:p:1-14

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
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