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Az inflációs cél követésének optimális horizontja Magyarországon
[The optimal horizon for inflation targeting in Hungary]

  • Várpalotai, Viktor

A tanulmány a magyarországi inflációs cél követésének optimális horizontját kívánja meghatározni makro- és vektor-autoregresszív modellek felhasználásával. Batini- Nelson [2000] elemzési keretét és definícióit veszi alapul, ezek alkalmazásával származtat a modellekből az inflációs cél követéséhez optimális horizontokat. Eredményeink szerint, adott feltevéseink mellett, jóléti szempontból elfogadható az a gyakorlat, hogy az MNB a másfél-két évvel előre várt inflációs folyamatokat értékelve dönt a jegybanki irányadó instrumentumról, az előre jelzett infláció és az inflációs cél közötti különbséggel indokolva a monetáris feltételek megváltoztatását. Az alkalmazott másfél-két éves horizont a különféle várható sokkok nagy része esetén már kellő időt nyújt arra, hogy a jegybank az inflációt jóléti szempontból optimálisan alakítsa a célkitűzéseknek megfelelő értékhez. Ugyanakkor a monetáris politika irányítóinak fel kell készülniük olyan, nem elhanyagolható valószínűséggel bekövetkező sokkokra, amelyekre ha a jegybank jóléti szempontból optimálisan reagál, akkor az infláció másfél-két évnél hosszabban is eltérhet a kitűzött céltól. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: E37, E52, E58.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LIII (2006)
Issue (Month): 12 ()
Pages: 1135-1154

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:887
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  1. Svensson, L.E.O., 1998. "Open-Economy Inflation Targeting," Papers 638, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  2. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2002. "Global Implications Of Self-Oriented National Monetary Rules," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(2), pages 503-535, May.
  3. Michael B. Devereux & Charles Engel, 2000. "Monetary Policy in the Open Economy Revisited: Price Setting and Exchange Rate Flexibility," NBER Working Papers 7665, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Friedman, Milton, 1972. "Have Monetary Policies Failed?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(2), pages 11-18, May.
  5. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 1999. "New Directions for Stochastic Open Economy Models," NBER Working Papers 7313, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Eric Parrado & Andres Velasco, 2002. "Optimal Interest Rate Policy in a Small Open Economy," NBER Working Papers 8721, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Jordi Galí & Tommaso Monacelli, 2004. "Monetary policy and exchange rate volatility in a small open economy," Economics Working Papers 835, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  8. Laxton, Douglas & Pesenti, Paolo, 2003. "Monetary rules for small, open, emerging economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 1109-1146, July.
  9. Smets, Frank, 2000. "What horizon for price stability," Working Paper Series 0024, European Central Bank.
  10. Stephen G. Cecchetti & Hans Genberg & Sushil Wadhwani, 2002. "Asset Prices in a Flexible Inflation Targeting Framework," NBER Working Papers 8970, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Sutherland, Alan, 2001. "Inflation Targeting in a Small Open Economy," CEPR Discussion Papers 2726, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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