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Az inflációs cél követésének optimális horizontja Magyarországon
[The optimal horizon for inflation targeting in Hungary]

Author

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  • Várpalotai, Viktor

Abstract

A tanulmány a magyarországi inflációs cél követésének optimális horizontját kívánja meghatározni makro- és vektor-autoregresszív modellek felhasználásával. Batini- Nelson [2000] elemzési keretét és definícióit veszi alapul, ezek alkalmazásával származtat a modellekből az inflációs cél követéséhez optimális horizontokat. Eredményeink szerint, adott feltevéseink mellett, jóléti szempontból elfogadható az a gyakorlat, hogy az MNB a másfél-két évvel előre várt inflációs folyamatokat értékelve dönt a jegybanki irányadó instrumentumról, az előre jelzett infláció és az inflációs cél közötti különbséggel indokolva a monetáris feltételek megváltoztatását. Az alkalmazott másfél-két éves horizont a különféle várható sokkok nagy része esetén már kellő időt nyújt arra, hogy a jegybank az inflációt jóléti szempontból optimálisan alakítsa a célkitűzéseknek megfelelő értékhez. Ugyanakkor a monetáris politika irányítóinak fel kell készülniük olyan, nem elhanyagolható valószínűséggel bekövetkező sokkokra, amelyekre ha a jegybank jóléti szempontból optimálisan reagál, akkor az infláció másfél-két évnél hosszabban is eltérhet a kitűzött céltól. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: E37, E52, E58.

Suggested Citation

  • Várpalotai, Viktor, 2006. "Az inflációs cél követésének optimális horizontja Magyarországon
    [The optimal horizon for inflation targeting in Hungary]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 1135-1154.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:887
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Eric Parrado & Andres Velasco, 2002. "Optimal Interest Rate Policy in a Small Open Economy," NBER Working Papers 8721, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2000. "New directions for stochastic open economy models," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 117-153, February.
    3. Smets, Frank, 2000. "What horizon for price stability," Working Paper Series 0024, European Central Bank.
    4. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2002. "Global Implications of Self-Oriented National Monetary Rules," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 503-535.
    5. Friedman, Milton, 1972. "Have Monetary Policies Failed?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(2), pages 11-18, May.
    6. Jordi Galí & Tommaso Monacelli, 2005. "Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(3), pages 707-734.
    7. Svensson, Lars E. O., 2000. "Open-economy inflation targeting," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 155-183, February.
    8. Stephen G. Cecchetti & Hans Genberg & Sushil Wadhwani, 2002. "Asset Prices in a Flexible Inflation Targeting Framework," NBER Working Papers 8970, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Michael B. Devereux & Charles Engel, 2003. "Monetary Policy in the Open Economy Revisited: Price Setting and Exchange-Rate Flexibility," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(4), pages 765-783.
    10. Laxton, Douglas & Pesenti, Paolo, 2003. "Monetary rules for small, open, emerging economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 1109-1146, July.
    11. Sutherland, Alan, 2001. "Inflation Targeting in a Small Open Economy," CEPR Discussion Papers 2726, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. repec:hrv:faseco:34721962 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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