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Determinanten des Angebots an Lehrstellen – Der Einfluss von IKT, Organisation und Humankapital

In weiten Teilen der Wirtschaft hat sich ein «neues Unternehmensmodell» durchgesetzt, das im Kern auf der Kombination von drei Elementen beruht: a) intensive Nutzung von Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKT), b) vermehrt partizipative Formen der Arbeitsorganisation, c) Einsatz (hoch) qualifizierter Arbeitskräfte. Vor diesem Hintergrund stellt sich die Frage, ob das System der Berufslehre in der Schweiz seine überragende Stellung für den Erwerb beruflicher Qualifikationen weiterhin halten wird. Zur Klärung dieser Frage untersuchen wir anhand von Mikrodaten die Determinanten des Lehrstellenangebots von Unternehmen, wobei sowohl die «Ausbildungsbereitschaft» (bietet eine Firma überhaupt Lehrstellen an?) als auch die «Ausbildungsintensität» (wie viele Lehrlinge beschäftigt eine in der Lehrlingsausbildung aktive Firma?) analysiert wird. Die Studie zeigt, dass die Kernelemente des neuen Unternehmensmodells – wenn auch in unterschiedlichem Mass – die Ausbildungsbereitschaft erhöhen, während bei der Erklärung der Ausbildungsintensität nur die Ausstattung mit Humankapital eine Rolle spielt. Die Resultate lassen – mit gewissen Einschränkungen – den Schluss zu, dass das System der Berufslehre, insbesondere nachdem es seit den 1990er-Jahren modernisiert wurde, den neuen Anforderungen weitgehend gewachsen ist.

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Article provided by KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich in its journal KOF Analysen.

Volume (Year): 3 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 79-93

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Handle: RePEc:kof:anskof:v:3:y:2009:i:1:p:79-93
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  1. Spyros Arvanitis, 2008. "Are Firm Innovativeness and Firm Age Relevant for the Supply of Vocational Training? – A Study Based on Swiss Micro Data," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0036, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU).
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