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Similarity-Based Spatial Methods to Estimate Shelf Space Elasticities

Author

Listed:
  • Albert van Dijk

    ()

  • Harald J. van Heerde

    ()

  • Peter S.H. Leeflang

    ()

  • Dick R. Wittink

    ()

Abstract

A retailer may allocate shelf space to brands based on factors, unobservable to researchers, which also determine sales. As a consequence, both sales and shelf space are endogenous in historical data, and this leads to inconsistent estimates of shelf space elasticities based on OLS. To obtain valid estimates of shelf space elasticities for allocation decisions, we propose an approach that incorporates the spatial correlation between shelf space and the error term resulting from store-, consumer- and competitor characteristics. The empirical results suggest that our model based on a single cross section of stores corrects for endogeneity and provides valid shelf space elasticities. We also obtain superior predictions compared to several benchmark models. With the same cross section and two observations over time, the alternative methods we use provide comparable shelf space elasticity estimates. However, our proposed method is still superior in the sense that its estimates have somewhat smaller standard errors.

Suggested Citation

  • Albert van Dijk & Harald J. van Heerde & Peter S.H. Leeflang & Dick R. Wittink, 2004. "Similarity-Based Spatial Methods to Estimate Shelf Space Elasticities," Quantitative Marketing and Economics (QME), Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 257-277, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:qmktec:v:2:y:2004:i:3:p:257-277
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Erjen van Nierop & Dennis Fok & Philip Hans Franses, 2008. "Interaction Between Shelf Layout and Marketing Effectiveness and Its Impact on Optimizing Shelf Arrangements," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 27(6), pages 1065-1082, 11-12.
    2. Sungho Park & Sachin Gupta, 2012. "Handling Endogenous Regressors by Joint Estimation Using Copulas," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 31(4), pages 567-586, July.
    3. Murray, Chase C. & Talukdar, Debabrata & Gosavi, Abhijit, 2010. "Joint Optimization of Product Price, Display Orientation and Shelf-Space Allocation in Retail Category Management," Journal of Retailing, Elsevier, vol. 86(2), pages 125-136.
    4. Erica Herpen & Erjen Nierop & Laurens Sloot, 2012. "The relationship between in-store marketing and observed sales for organic versus fair trade products," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 293-308, March.
    5. Peter Ebbes & Dominik Papies & Harald J. van Heerde, 2011. "The Sense and Non-Sense of Holdout Sample Validation in the Presence of Endogeneity," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(6), pages 1115-1122, November.
    6. Eisend, Martin, 2014. "Shelf space elasticity: A meta-analysis," Journal of Retailing, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 168-181.
    7. Leenheer, J. & van Heerde, H.J. & Bijmolt, T.H.A. & Smidts, A., 2006. "Do Loyalty Programs Really Enhance Behavioral Loyalty? An Empirical Analysis Accounting for Self-Selecting Members," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2006-076-MKT, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    8. Martinez de Albeniz, Victor & Roels, Guillaume, 2007. "Competing for shelf space," IESE Research Papers D/717, IESE Business School.

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