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Public Spending Management and Macroeconomic Interdependence

  • Giovanni Ganelli


This paper studies the international macroeconomic effects of microeconomic measures, aimed at improving the efficiency of public spending management by increasing the price-elasticity of public consumption. In order to do this, we develop a New Open Economy Macroeconomics (NOEM) model in which the elastiity of substitution between differentiated goods in public consumption is different from the one in private consumption and the optimal mark-up is endogenous. This allows us to disentangle the international effects of structural reforms that improve the efficiency of spending in the public sector. We find that such policies can significantly affect the macroeconomic interdependence pattern that follows asymmetric fiscal shoocks. In welfare terms, we find that the countries with a larger government sector have an incentive to promote global "public competition policies".

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Article provided by Springer in its journal Open Economies Review.

Volume (Year): 19 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 241-259

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Handle: RePEc:kap:openec:v:19:y:2008:i:2:p:241-259
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  1. Lombardo, Giovanni & Sutherland, Alan, 2004. "Monetary and fiscal interactions in open economies," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 319-347, June.
  2. Philip R. Lane & Giovanni Ganelli, 2002. "Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis: The Open Economy Dimension," Trinity Economics Papers 200212, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  3. Giovanni Ganelli, 2002. "The New Open Economy Macroeconomics of Government Debt," Trinity Economics Papers 200214, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  4. Jordi GalĂ­, 1993. "Monopolistic competition, business cycles and the composition of aggregate demand," Economics Working Papers 45, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  5. Ganelli, Giovanni, 2003. "Useful government spending, direct crowding-out and fiscal policy interdependence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 87-103, February.
  6. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1995. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(3), pages 624-60, June.
  7. Sutherland, Alan, 1996. " Financial Market Integration and Macroeconomic Volatility," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 98(4), pages 521-39, December.
  8. Beetsma, Roel & Jensen, Henrik, 2003. "Contingent deficit sanctions and moral hazard with a stability pact," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 187-208, October.
  9. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1987. "Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 647-66, September.
  10. Rotemberg, Julio J & Woodford, Michael, 1992. "Oligopolistic Pricing and the Effects of Aggregate Demand on Economic Activity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(6), pages 1153-1207, December.
  11. Beetsma, Roel & Jensen, Henrik, 2003. "Mark-Up Fluctuations and Fiscal Policy Stabilization in a Monetary Union," CEPR Discussion Papers 4020, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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