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Learning by Accident? Reductions in the Risk of Unplanned Outages in U.S. Nuclear Power Plants after Three Mile Island

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  • David, Paul A
  • Maude-Griffin, Roland
  • Rothwell, Geoffrey

Abstract

This study uses a Cox proportional hazards model to analyze changes in the risk of unplanned outages in U.S. nuclear power plants after the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident. The unplanned outage hazard is related to safety by the fact that most such outages begin with unplanned reactor scrams. These place extreme stresses on plant equipment, increasing the risk of serious accident. The estimates indicate that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)-led efforts to improve nuclear plant safety after TMI were followed by substantial reductions in the risk of unplanned outages. Copyright 1996 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

Suggested Citation

  • David, Paul A & Maude-Griffin, Roland & Rothwell, Geoffrey, 1996. "Learning by Accident? Reductions in the Risk of Unplanned Outages in U.S. Nuclear Power Plants after Three Mile Island," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 175-198, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jrisku:v:13:y:1996:i:2:p:175-98
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    Cited by:

    1. John Rust & Geoffrey Rothwell, 1995. "Optimal Response to Shift in Regulatory Regime: the Case of the U.S. Nuclear Power Industry," Industrial Organization 9508002, EconWPA.
    2. Geoffrey Rothwell & John Rust, 1995. "A Dynamic Programming Model of U.S. Nuclear Power Plant Operations," Microeconomics 9502001, EconWPA, revised 06 Feb 1995.
    3. Liao, Shu-Yi & Tseng, Wei-Chun & Chen, Chi-Chung, 2010. "Eliciting public preference for nuclear energy against the backdrop of global warming," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 7054-7069, November.
    4. David, Paul A. & Rothwell, Geoffrey S., 1996. "Measuring standardization: An application to the American and French nuclear power industries," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 291-308, September.
    5. Koomey, Jonathan & Hultman, Nathan E., 2007. "A reactor-level analysis of busbar costs for US nuclear plants, 1970-2005," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 5630-5642, November.

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